Ouverture et croissance industrielle des villes chinoises
Abstract[eng] This study concerns the impact of China's Â« opening and reform Â» policies on short-term urban industrial growth. The econometric analysis uses data on 434 Chinese cities throughout the 1988-91 period and tests two types of contributions : a direct one, measured by a simple relation between industrial growth and explaÂnatory variables and an indirect one, measured by spillover effects at a provincial level. The results highlight the direct role of foreign investment and the indirect role of exports. In terms of balance in regional development, it means that while foreign investment favours a geographically concentrated development, exports tend to reduce this unequal development through diffusion. [fre] Cette Ã©tude porte sur l'impact de la politique Â« d'ouverture et de rÃ©forme Â» de la Chine sur sa croissance industrielle de court terme. L'analyse Ã©conomÃ©trique utilise une base de donnÃ©es qui dÃ©crit les Ã©volutions Ã©conomiques principales de 434 villes chinoises au cours de la pÃ©riode 1988-1991. Elle met en lumiÃ¨re les rÃ´les distincts de l'investissement Ã©tranger et des exportations dans le processus de croissance chinois. Il apparaÃ®t en effet que l'investissement Ã©tranger contribue aux diffÃ©rences inter-urbaines de croissance tandis que, Ã l'inverse, les exportaÂtions favorisent la diffusion inter-urbaine de cette croissance.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.
Volume (Year): n° 47 (1996)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique.htm
Other versions of this item:
- Sylvie Démurger, 1996. "Ouverture et croissance industrielle des villes chinoises," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 47(3), pages 841-850.
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