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Efficience et prise de risque dans les banques en France


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  • Michel Dietsch


[eng] The paper presents estimates of X-Efficiencies and Scale-Efficiencies in the French banking industry for the 1988-1992 period. By using the « distribution free » method of efficiency estimation, we show that average X-efficiencies are in the range of 70 % to 80 %. These results show also the existence of scale econo­mies in French banking industry. These results are also in conformity with the hypothesis that some excess capacity could exist in French banking industry. Finally, a positive relationship between cost-inefficiency and risk-taking is verified. [fre] Cet article présente des estimations des inefficiences-X et des inefficiences d'échelle dans les banques et caisses d'épargne en France durant la période 1988-1992. Utilisant la méthode d'estimation « à distribution libre », on montre que l'efficience-X moyenne est de l'ordre de 70 à 80 %. Les résultats montrent aussi l'existence d'économies d'échelle dans l'industrie bancaire française. Ces résultats sont en conformité avec l'hypothèse de surcapacité dans l'industrie ban­caire en France. Enfin, une relation positive est démontrée entre inefficiences-X et prise de risque.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): n° 47 (1996)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 745-754

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_p1996_47n3_0745

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Cited by:
  1. Joël Petey, 2004. "Les déterminants du risque d'insolvabilité dans l'industrie bancaire.. Une approche en termes de frontière de production," Recherches économiques de Louvain, De Boeck Université, vol. 70(4), pages 401-424.
  2. Laurence Scialom & Michel Aglietta, 1998. "Vers une nouvelle doctrine prudentielle," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(4), pages 47-73.
  3. Jimborean, Ramona & Brack, Estelle, 2010. "The cost-efficiency of French banks," MPRA Paper 23471, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Catherine Refait, 2005. "Soutien financier ou mise en faillite de l'entreprise? Comprendre la décision de la banque," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie,, vol. 8(1), pages 131-157, March.
  5. Joël PETEY, 2004. "Les déterminants du risque d’insolvabilité dans l’industrie bancaire. Une approche en termes de frontière de production," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2004041, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).


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