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Equité, efficacité et fonctions assurantielles de la retraite et de la préretraite


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  • Didier Blanchet


[eng] Equity, efficiency and insurance functions of retirement and pre-retirement systems. This text proposes an analysis of insurance functions which are performed by pensions systems and pre-retirement schemes, i.e. the fact that they provide insurance against adverse shocks on productivity which are likely to occur at late phases of the active life cycle. A simple model tries to explain the logic of existing schemes, both in terms of efficiency and equity. We also show how such systems are exposed to a risk of spontaneous drift toward increasing total cost and how they should be adjusted in front of macro-economic or demographic changes. [fre] Cet article propose d'analyser les fonctions assurantielles des systèmes de retraite et de préretraite, c'est-à-dire leur fonction de couverture contre les consé­quences de chocs de productivité susceptibles d'intervenir en fin de vie active. Un modèle simple essaie de faire ressortir la logique des systèmes existants, du dou­ble point de vue de l'efficacité et de l'équité. On examine, par ailleurs, quels sont les risques de dérive auxquels sont soumis ces systèmes et quels sont leurs ajus­tements souhaitables face aux évolutions macro-économiques ou macro­démographiques.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): n° 46 (1995)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 993-1002

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_p1995_46n3_0993

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Cited by:
  1. Didier Blanchet & Anne-Gisèle Privat, 2005. "L'avenir des retraites en France: Evalutation de l'impact des réformes de 1993 et de 2033 à l'aide du modèle de microsimulation Artémis," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/f4rshpf3v1u, Sciences Po.
  2. Vincent Touze & Jacques Le Cacheux, 2003. "Vieillissement et richesse des nations," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/2087, Sciences Po.


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