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Localisation des activités : un modèle bisectoriel avec coûts de transport

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  • Jacques Le
  • Marie-Françoise Calmette

Abstract

[eng] Location of activities : a two-sectors model with transportation costs. P. Krugman is arguing that a reduction of manufactured goods transportation costs favors concentration of industrial activity. In an economy with two sectors - the « agricultural » one being characterized by perfect competition and positive transportation costs (they equal zero in P. Krugman's model) -, we show that tendancy to concentration vanishes when transportation costs reduce sufficiently. An important remaining problem is connected with variations of agents' relative utilities. [fre] Selon P. Krugman , dans une économie où coexistent deux secteurs, l'un en concurrence monopolistique, l'autre en concurrence parfaite, la réduction des coûts de transport des biens du premier secteur favorise la concentration géogra­phique des activités. Nous montrons que, s'il y a un coût de transport positif pour les biens du deuxième secteur, cette tendance à la concentration disparaît pour de fortes réductions des coûts de transport dans le premier secteur. Mais les enjeux portent aussi, alors, sur l'évolution du bien-être relatif des agents.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): n° 46 (1995)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 901-909

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_p1995_46n3_0901

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique.htm

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Cited by:
  1. Maureen Kilkenny, 2010. "Urban/Regional Economics And Rural Development," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(1), pages 449-470.
  2. Oliver Thomas, 1998. "The effectiveness of urban policies facing spatial polarization," ERSA conference papers ersa98p107, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Jean-Marc Callois, 2006. "Quality labels and rural development : a new economic geography approach," Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 78, pages 31-51.
  4. Karine Daniel, 2003. "Concentration et spécialisation : quel schéma pour l’agriculture communautaire ?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 158(2), pages 105-120.
  5. BOITEUX-ORAIN, Céline & HURIOT, Jean-Marie, 2001. "Modéliser la suburbanisation . Succès et limites de la microéconomie urbaine," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2001-02, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.

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