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Transferts, salaire minimum et services de proximité : une maquette théorique


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  • Philippe Ravalet
  • Didier Blanchet


[eng] This note proposes a model describing the adjustment between supply and demand of small service jobs in a framework which takes an explicit account of labour force hetero­geneity and of substitutability between these jobs and domestic production. We analyze the way in which this adjustement is affected by transfers, by the existence of a minimum wage and by targeted subventions. The model gives predictions concerning the overall quantity of such jobs, their remuneration, and the overall distribution of well-being and income in the total population. [fre] Cet article propose un modèle décrivant l'ajustement entre offre et demande de services de proximité dans un contexte qui tient compte de l'hétérogénéité de la population et des possibilités de substitution entre services et autoproduction domestique. On analyse la façon dont cet ajustement est modifié par le système de transferts, par l'existence d'un salaire minimum et par d'éventuelles subven­tions à cette catégorie d'emplois. Ces conséquences sont examinées à la fois du point de vue du volume global des emplois de proximité, de leur rémunération finale, et de la répartition des revenus ou du bien-être dans l'ensemble de la population.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): n° 46 (1995)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 573-583

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_p1995_46n3_0573

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  1. Didier Blanchet, 1995. "Inégalité, spécialisation, progrès technique et développement de services non qualifiés locaux," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 120(4), pages 1-13.


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