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European Integration and Regional Growth

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Author Info

  • Jean Pisani-Ferry
  • Claudine Gouyette
  • Damien Neven

Abstract

[fre] European Integration and Regional Growth. . L'objectif de cette contribution est d'évaluer le processus de convergence entre les régions de la Communauté et d'essayer de mesurer l'impact du process d'intégration sur les disparités régionales de revenu par tête. Nous observons un processus de rattrapage dans le Sud de l'Europe au début des années quatre-vingt qui semble cependant s'arrêter à partir de 1985. À l'inverse, les régions du Nord de Europe, qui semblent stagner au début de la décennie, amorcent un processus de convergence rapide à partir de 1985. Il semblerait donc que les régions du Nord de l'Europe se sont mieux adaptées à la mise en œuvre du marché intérieur et à l'accession des pays du Sud à partir du milieu de la décennie. Ces observations semblent confirmer l'hypothèse selon laquelle la libéralisation des échanges et du mouvement des facteurs peut exacerber les disparités régionales. Une absence d'ajustement sur les marchés régionaux du travail semble pouvoir expliquer en partie la dichotomie Nord-Sud que nous observons. [eng] European integration and regional grow. . This objective of this paper is to assess whether the process of European integration bas reduced income disparities among regions in the Community. We observe that if the South of Europe seems to catch up in the early eighties, it stagnates, at best, in the second part of the eighties. At the opposite, the regions in the North of Europe tend to stagnate or diverge in the first part of the eighties but converge strongly thereafter. This pattern is consistent with the view that Northern European countries have adjusted better to the implementation of the internai market programme and the entry of the Iberian peninsula in the Community in 1985. This evidence also lends support to the view that trade liberalisation can exacerbate disparities. Preliminary evidence suggests that a lack of adjustment in regional labour markets may explain this pattern.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): n° 45 (1994)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 703-714

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_p1994_45n3_0703

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique.htm

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Cited by:
  1. Roberta Capello & Ugo Fratesi, 2011. "Globalization and endogenous regional growth," ERSA conference papers ersa10p677, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Beyaert, Arielle & Garcia-Solanes, Jose & Perez-Castejon, Juan J., 2007. "Uncovered interest parity with switching regimes," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 189-202, March.
  3. BAUMONT, Catherine & ERTUR, Cem & LE GALLO, Julie, 2000. "Convergence des régions européennes. Une approche par l'économétrie spatiale," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2000-03, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
  4. BAUMONT, Catherine & ERTUR, Cem & LE GALLO, Julie, 2000. "Geographic Spillover and Growth. A Spatial Econometric Analysis for European Regions," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2000-07, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
  5. Jesus Lopez-Rodriguez, 2008. "Regional Convergence in the European Union: Results from a Panel Data Model," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 18(2), pages 1-7.
  6. Thomas, Ingo P., 1996. "Regional policy, convergence and subsidiarity in the European Community," Kiel Working Papers 737, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  7. Sébastien BOURDIN, 2013. "Une Mesure Spatiale Locale De La Sigma-Convergence Pour Evaluer Les Disparites Regionales Dans L’Union Europeenne," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 37, pages 179-196.
  8. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:18:y:2008:i:2:p:1-7 is not listed on IDEAS

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