L'emprunt de la théorie économique à la tradition sociologique. Le cas du don contre-don
Abstract[eng] Use of economc theory in the sociological tradition : the case of gift exchange. . By tradition, the study of gift exchange belongs to the field of sociology. Some recent works have tried to make the connexion between economy and sociology by transposing the archaic exchange pattern (gift exchange) into our modem economic societies. The purpose of these attempts is to give some insights inlo some particular relationships, like for example, the work relationship. It appears that these insights are very limited and deceptive because of some strong hypothesis such as the perfect rationality of the agents. Nevertheless, their merits are to provide an hypothesis for the appearance of an non-intentional cooperation within an entirely non-cooperative system. Moreover, it seems that the introduction of non-utilitarist motivations in the theory of decision could help to understand the gift exchange relationship, which is a sort of compromise between moral action and interested action. [fre] L'emprunt de la thÃ©orie Ã©conomique Ã la tradition sociologique. Le cas du don contre-don. . Le don contre-don est un objet d'Ã©tude qui appartient par tradition Ã la sociologie. Des travaux rÃ©cents tentent de transposer les schÃ©mas de la rÃ©ciprocitÃ© archaÃ¯que aux Ã©changes qui ont cours dans la sphÃ¨re Ã©conomique des sociÃ©tÃ©s modernes. Le but de ces tentatives est de rendre compte de la forme atypique de certains Ã©changes Ã©conomiques, comme par exemple la relation de travail. Mais, Ã dÃ©faut de prÃ©ciser davantage les hypothÃ¨ses sur les comporteÂments des acteurs, ou en faisant reposer exclusivement le don contre-don sur la rationalitÃ© instrumentale, l'Ã©conomie laisse Ã©vanouir ce nouvel objet. Le contraire exigerait, au minimum, la rÃ©introduction de motivations non utilitaristes dans la thÃ©orie de la dÃ©cision. Le don contre-don se situe en effet dans une sorte de compromis entre l'action morale et l'action intÃ©ressÃ©e.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.
Volume (Year): n° 43 (1992)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique.htm
Other versions of this item:
- Laurent Cordonnier & Philippe Batifoulier & Yves Zenou, 1992. "L'emprunt de la théorie économique à la tradition sociologique. Le cas du don contre-don," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 43(5), pages 917-946.
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- Godbout, Jacques T., 1998. "The moral of the gift," The Journal of Socio-Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 557-570.
- Anna M. Carabelli & Mario A. Cedrini, 2010. "“Veiling The Controversies with Dubious Moral Attitudes”? Creditors and Debtors in Keynes’s Ethics of International Economic Relations," Working Papers 127, SEMEQ Department - Faculty of Economics - University of Eastern Piedmont.
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