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Immigration, vieillissement démographique et financement de la protection sociale

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  • Xavier Chojnicki
  • Lionel Ragot

Abstract

Immigration is often perceived as an instrument of adaptation for aging countries. In this paper, we evaluate, using a dynamic general equilibrium model, the contribution of migration policy in reducing the tax burden associated with the aging population in France. We show that the age and skill structure of immigrants is the key feature that mainly determines the effects on social protection finances. Overall, these effects are all the more positive in the short-medium term that the migration policy is selective (in favor of more skilled workers). In the long term, beneficial effects of a selective policy may disappear. But the financial gains from more consequent migration flows are relatively moderated in comparison of demographic changes it implies. Classification JEL : C68, D58, E60, H55, H68

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 63 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 501-512

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_633_0501

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique.htm

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Cited by:
  1. Marfouk, Abdeslam, 2013. "Préjugés et fausses idées sur l’immigration et les immigrés, vecteurs de discrimination en matière d’accès à l’emploi
    [false ideas about immigrants and immigration and discrimination i
    ," MPRA Paper 47899, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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