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Coûts de transport et inégalités régionales. Une approche structurelle

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  • Pierre-Philippe Combes
  • Miren Lafourcade

Abstract

This paper presents an economic geography model we use to investigate transport costs as a cause of regional inequalities. We perform a structural estimation of this model for 64 sectors simultaneously using a new dataset on generalized transport costs between the 341 French Employment Areas. Transport costs, intermediate inputs and geography play a critical role in the concentration pattern of economic activities. We provide simulations of local production conditions. Large concentration incentives exist in France, possibly inducing the emergence in the long-run of a monocentric core-periphery structure. Besides, in the short-run, a transport costs decline reduces concentration at the country level, but it increases inequalities in a large number of French regions. Classification JEL : F1, O1, R3, R4

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 505-516

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_533_0505

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