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Childbearing Patterns of Foreign Women in a New Immigration Country. The Case of Spain

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  • Marta Roig Vila
  • Teresa Castro-Martín
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    Abstract

    Pays d?émigration pendant des siècles, l?Espagne est devenue un pays d?immigration depuis une vingtaine d?années : la part de la population étrangère y est passée de 0,9 % en 1991 à 8,5 % en 2005. L?Espagne ayant un taux de fécondité parmi les plus bas du monde, l?impact potentiel de l?immigration sur son avenir démographique est important. Pourtant, on s?y est encore assez peu intéressé à la fécondité des immigrées. Cet article compare les indicateurs de fécondité respectifs des Espagnoles et des immigrées en exploitant les données individuelles de l?état civil et analyse l?évolution récente de la fécondité en fonction de la région d?origine à partir des données du recensement de 2001. Les résultats montrent que les écarts de fécondité constatés entre les Espagnoles et les étrangères s?expliquent en grande partie par des différences de profil socio-démographique, en particulier en termes d?âge et de niveau d?instruction. Comme certains effets supposés de l?immigration sur la fécondité dépendent de la durée de séjour dans le pays d?accueil, l?article compare aussi les niveaux de fécondité de différentes cohortes d?immigrées et met en évidence des modèles qui s?accordent à la fois avec l?hypothèse de l?adaptation et avec celle de la rupture.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED) in its journal Population (english edition).

    Volume (Year): 62 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 351-379

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    Handle: RePEc:cai:poeine:pope_703_0351

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    Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-population-english.htm

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    Cited by:
    1. Lotta Persson & Jan M. Hoem, 2014. "Immigrant fertility in Sweden, 2000-2011: A descriptive note," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 30(30), pages 887-898, March.
    2. Jan M. Hoem, 2013. "The dangers of conditioning on the time of occurrence of one demographic process in the analysis of another," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2013-006, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.

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