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La dollarisation intégrale : une option monétaire de dernier ressort pour l'Amérique latine ?

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  • Alexandre Minda

Abstract

This article will examine the question of complete dollarization in Latin America. Because of the opportunity cost of dollarization, replacing a national currency with a foreign currency is a solution of last resort to the financial instability of Latin American economies. To clarify the discussion, a typology of dollarization regimes is drawn up in order to make an inventory of officially dollarized countries and territories. To determine what is at stake in such decisions, advantage cost analysis mentions, first of all, the expected benefits highlighted by the advocates of full dollarization. An examination of its potential impact will then allow us to evaluate the induced costs of the disappearance of national currencies. Finally, by looking at Latin American countries which have selected this monetary option, the limits of adopting such a solution are mentioned, particularly by the fact that the disappearance of national currencies leads to the loss of a powerful symbol of national identity.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Mondes en développement.

Volume (Year): 130 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 15-39

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Handle: RePEc:cai:meddbu:med_130_0015

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-mondes-en-developpement.htm

Related research

Keywords: Full dollarization; Latin America; exchange rate regime; monetary;

References

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  1. William C. Gruben & Mark A. Wynne & Carlos E.J.M. Zarazaga, 2001. "Dollarization and monetary unions: implementation guidelines," Center for Latin America Working Papers 0201, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  2. Guillermo A. Calvo, 2001. "Capital markets and the exchange rate with special reference to the dollarization debate in Latin America," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, pages 312-338.
  3. Andrew Berg & Eduardo Borensztein & Paolo Mauro, 2002. "An Evalution of Monetary Regime Options for Latin America," Working Papers 67, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
  4. Jeffrey A. Frankel & Andrew K. Rose, 1996. "The Endogeneity of the Optimum Currency Area Criteria," NBER Working Papers 5700, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Gaetano Antinolfi & Todd Keister, 2001. "Dollarization as a monetary arrangement for emerging market economies," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Nov., pages 29-40.
  6. Francois R. Velde & Marcelo Veracierto, 2000. "Dollarization in Argentina," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Q I, pages 24-37.
  7. Frankel, Jeffrey & Rose, Andrew K., 2001. "An Estimate of the Effect of Common Currencies on Trade and Income," Working Paper Series rwp01-013, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  8. Fischer, Stanley, 1982. "Seigniorage and the Case for a National Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(2), pages 295-313, April.
  9. Chang, Roberto & Velasco, Andres, 2000. "Financial Fragility and the Exchange Rate Regime," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 1-34, May.
  10. Juan Luis Moreno-Villalaz, 1999. "Lessons from the Monetary Experience of Panama: A Dollar Economy with Financial Integration," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 18(3), pages 421-439, Winter.
  11. Adam Bennett & Eduardo Borensztein & Tomás J. T. Baliño, 1999. "Monetary Policy in Dollarized Economies," IMF Occasional Papers 171, International Monetary Fund.
  12. repec:cto:journl:v:20:y:2000:i:2:p:179-213 is not listed on IDEAS
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