Tic et économie de la proximité : organisation et localisation de la recherche & développement au sein des entreprises globales
AbstractThe main hypothesis of this paper is that ICTs influence on location choices of R&D activities is only secondary. ICTs impact has been so far considered mainly in terms of a trade off between geographical and organisational proximity. Here we propose to add to these two dimensions of proximity, a third dimension : cognitive proximity. ICTs influence has to be analysed according to these three dimensions. Concerning the third dimension , ICT are modifying conditions and functioning of R&D activities from inside, because they are transforming parameters characterizing cognitive proximity. Therefore, their impact on location and organization of enterprises R&D depends on industries and types of research activities. Furthermore, ICT are playing a central role in rising the efficiency of the process of innovation production, by modifying quality, costs and length of research processes, particularly in the case of ? extended research centers?.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Innovations.
Volume (Year): 21 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-innovations.ht
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- Dupuy, Claude & Gilly, Jean-Pierre, 1999. "Industrial Groups and Territories: The Case of Matra-Marconi-Space in Toulouse," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(2), pages 207-23, March.
- Pierre-Jean Benghozi, 2001. "Relations interentreprises et nouveaux modèles d'affaires," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 52(7), pages 165-190.
- Dimitri Uzunidis, 2007. "Innovation et proximité entreprises, entrepreneurs et milieux innovateurs (Innovation and proximity enterprises, entrepreneurs and clusters)," Working Papers 144, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
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