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Les facteurs actuels qui font de la Science une force productive au service du capital Le quatrième moment de l'organisation de la production


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  • Dimitri Uzunidis


The historical context determines for most part the order of priority of the scientific phenomena to study, the techniques (methods and tools) to use, as well as the social use which will be made of the results. Karl Marx highlighted three stages in the transformation of the production forces of capitalism: meetings of workers isolated under the same management, followed by the division of the work and the differentiation of the tasks, then by the clear separation between intellectual and manual work. This paper presents the fourth stage in the productive organisation: an organisation based on the spatial devolution of the achievement of this production and on decisional, financial and informational centralisation that the applications of contemporary science allow. Concerning the organisation of work, this fourth moment is characterised by the combination in the same group of staff paid by the company itself and a salaried staff paid by other organisations, but appropriated by the company which makes use of the said group. This fourth stage is the one of the unprecedented marketability of science, organised as a network by enterprises and states in a clear technological aim.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Innovations.

Volume (Year): 17 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 51-78

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Handle: RePEc:cai:inndbu:inno_017_0051

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  1. William Clinton & A. Gore, 1993. "Technology For America'S Growth," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 88-91.
  2. Bruno Van Pottelsberghe & Dominique Guellec, 2001. "The effectiveness of public policies in R&D," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/6225, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  3. Robinson, Joan, 1977. "What Are the Questions?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 1318-39, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Rached Halloul, 2005. "Le réseau stratégique et la concurrence illustrés par le cas M/N (Microsoft versus Netscape)," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 21(1), pages 197-216.
  2. Blandine Laperche, 2005. "How do firms protect their “knowledge capital”? socialization versus appropriation (Comment les firmes protègent-elles leur “capital savoir”? socialisation versus appropriation)," Working Papers 104, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  3. Sophie Boutillier, 2005. "Mondialisation, nouvelle organisation industrielle et transformation du capitalisme unité de temps, unite de lieu et unité d’action de la firme-réseau (Globalization, new industrial organization ," Working Papers 106, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  4. Blandine LAPERCHE & Dimitri UZUNIDIS, 2010. "La valorisation de la recherche publique en France et la question de l’université (The commercialization of public research in france and the issue of university)," Working Papers 16, Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation.


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