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Productivity growth, R&D and the rôle of international collaborative agreements: some évidence for Belgian manufacturing companies

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Author Info

  • Michele Cincera
  • Lieselot Kempen
  • Bruno Van Pottelsberghe
  • Reinhilde Veugelers
  • Carolina Villegas Sanchez

Abstract

Using Belgian firm level data on R&D and productivity, this paper provides further evidence on the important role of knowledge in explaining performance at the firm level, by augmenting the classical productivity growth approach not only with own R&D expenditures, but also with R&D cooperation. Taking the view that co-operation in R&D gives access to external know-how, the paper provides a new view on the mechanisms through which R&D spillovers may impact firm's output growth. Given the small open character of the Belgian economy, we focus especially on international technology diffusion and the role of cooperation with partners abroad. Beyond own R&D, the analysis shows support for international R&D cooperation to significantly improve firm productivity growth and more in particular, international cooperation with customers, suppliers or other companies, which reflects more applied international R&D co-operative activities. We further explored the role of international co-operative agreements, and more particularly whether it is used as a mechanism to access externally available know- how. Our proxies for available external know-how which (foreign) cooperation would give access to, did not provide conclusive evidence on R&D cooperation as a channel of transfer for knowledge spillovers. Overall, international R&D co-operation significantly increases a firm's output growth. However, the exact mechanisms how this cooperation enhances firm performance need further investigation.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its journal Brussels economic review.

Volume (Year): 46 (2003)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 107-140

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Handle: RePEc:bxr:bxrceb:y:2003:v:46:i:3:p:107-140

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Web page: http://difusion.ulb.ac.be
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Related research

Keywords: Productivity growth; R&D; International R&D coopérations; Belgian firms;

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Cited by:
  1. Birgit Aschhoff & Tobias Schmidt, 2008. "Empirical Evidence on the Success of R&D Cooperation—Happy Together?," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 41-62, August.
  2. Carboni, Oliviero A., 2012. "An empirical investigation of the determinants of R&D cooperation: An application of the inverse hyperbolic sine transformation," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 131-141.
  3. Magdalena, Olczyk & Marzena, Starnawska & Izabela, Richter, 2011. "Improvement of cooperation among SMEs and other stakeholders as means of fostering innovation," MPRA Paper 33654, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.
  4. Ki H. Kang & Jina Kang, 2009. "Does Partner Type Matter in R&D Collaboration for Product Innovation?," TEMEP Discussion Papers 200906, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Aug 2009.
  5. Fier, Andreas & Aschhoff, Birgit & Löhlein, Heide, 2007. "Detecting Behavioural Additionality: An Empirical Study on the Impact of Public R&D Funding on Firms' Cooperative Behaviour in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-037 [rev.], ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Spyros Arvanitis, 2012. "How do different motives for R&D cooperation affect firm performance? – An analysis based on Swiss micro data," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 22(5), pages 981-1007, November.
  7. Barajas, A. & Huergo, E. & Moreno, L., 2012. "The Impact of International Research Joint Ventures on SMEs Performance," MPRA Paper 36306, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00622969 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Schmidt, Tobias, 2007. "Motives for Innovation Co-operation? Evidence from the Canadian Survey of Innovation," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-018, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  10. Ki H. Kang & Jina Kang, 2009. "Do External Knowledge Sourcing Methods Matter in Service Innovation? Analysis of South Korean Service Firms," TEMEP Discussion Papers 200908, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Aug 2009.
  11. Luis Aguiar & Philippe Gagnepain, 2012. "European cooperative R&D and firm performance," Economics Working Papers we1207, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.

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