Scoring Variables and Judge Bias in United States Dressage Competitions
AbstractDressage is an Olympic equestrian discipline with rules governed by The Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI). After questions arose regarding dressage scoring during the 2008 Olympics, the FEI undertook studies of dressage scoring at international equestrian competitions in Europe. These studies included investigations of scoring scales and judging bias. Based on those results, the FEI recommended the use of statistics to improve the consistency of judge training in dressage competition. The authors performed a statistical analysis of dressage scores earned by riders in the United States. This work demonstrates the lack of consistency in judging in the United States. This is the first published study that looks at U.S. dressage results. It includes a very large data set considered representative of the population of riders in the U.S. Dressage is a subjectively judged sport. The final score, not the class placing, is of greatest importance when assessing rider results. The authors show how mainstream statistical tools can identify factors impacting the final dressage score. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to demonstrate the existence of key variables which impact scores. The analysis shows there are variations in scoring patterns by horse breed, as well as the existence of high-scoring and low-scoring judges. Finally, the analysis shows that there are increased standard deviations at the "extremes" of the judging scale. This would indicate there is variability in interpretation of scoring at the upper and lower ends of the scoring scale. Analysis of Means (ANOM) identified five judges whose scores were statistically different than the grand average scores.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by De Gruyter in its journal Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports.
Volume (Year): 6 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.degruyter.com
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Peter Golla).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.