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Hayek's Complexity

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  • Chaumont-Chancelier Frédérique

    (Université d’Aix-Marseille III)

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    Abstract

    L’article cherche à contrer les critiques formulées à l’encontre de la théorie évolutionnaire de Hayek en mettant en évidence les apports des théories de la complexité. Cela permet tout d’abord de comprendre que la méthode de Hayek n’est pas un holisme mais un anti-réductionnisme. Cette méthode est constante chez l’auteur, que ce soit dans son approche du marché ou de l’évolution culturelle : il n’y aurait donc aucune incohérence dans sa pensée.De surcroît, la prise en compte de l’ignorance individuelle comme des phénomènes d’émergence ne permet plus d’utiliser la théorie des jeux pour corroborer ou réfuter les explications dites de “ main-invisible ”. La théorie de l’évolution culturelle aurait donc une plus grande portée descriptive que celle qui lui est généralement conférée.This paper tries to respond to criticisms raised against Hayek’s evolutionary theory by highlighting the salient features of theories of complexity. This allows us first to understand that Hayek’s method is not holistic but anti-reductionist. This method permeates Hayek’s whole oeuvre, whether it be his theory of the market or his ideas about cultural evolution. Hence, there is no inconsistency in his thought. Furthermore, taking individual ignorance and the phenomena of emergence into account no long allows us to use game theory in order to corroborate or refute “invisible hand” explanations. The theory of cultural evolution would hence have a greater scope than that traditionally acknowledged.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines.

    Volume (Year): 9 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 1-24

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    Handle: RePEc:bpj:jeehcn:v:9:y:1999:i:4:n:4

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