AbstractLâ€™article cherche Ã contrer les critiques formulÃ©es Ã lâ€™encontre de la thÃ©orie Ã©volutionnaire de Hayek en mettant en Ã©vidence les apports des thÃ©ories de la complexitÃ©. Cela permet tout dâ€™abord de comprendre que la mÃ©thode de Hayek nâ€™est pas un holisme mais un anti-rÃ©ductionnisme. Cette mÃ©thode est constante chez lâ€™auteur, que ce soit dans son approche du marchÃ© ou de lâ€™Ã©volution culturelle : il nâ€™y aurait donc aucune incohÃ©rence dans sa pensÃ©e. De surcroÃ®t, la prise en compte de lâ€™ignorance individuelle comme des phÃ©nomÃ¨nes dâ€™Ã©mergence ne permet plus dâ€™utiliser la thÃ©orie des jeux pour corroborer ou rÃ©futer les explications dites de â€œ main-invisible â€. La thÃ©orie de lâ€™Ã©volution culturelle aurait donc une plus grande portÃ©e descriptive que celle qui lui est gÃ©nÃ©ralement confÃ©rÃ©e. This paper tries to respond to criticisms raised against Hayekâ€™s evolutionary theory by highlighting the salient features of theories of complexity. This allows us first to understand that Hayekâ€™s method is not holistic but anti-reductionist. This method permeates Hayekâ€™s whole oeuvre, whether it be his theory of the market or his ideas about cultural evolution. Hence, there is no inconsistency in his thought. Furthermore, taking individual ignorance and the phenomena of emergence into account no long allows us to use game theory in order to corroborate or refute â€œinvisible handâ€ explanations. The theory of cultural evolution would hence have a greater scope than that traditionally acknowledged.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by De Gruyter in its journal Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines.
Volume (Year): 9 (1999)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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Web page: http://www.degruyter.com
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