Natural Right, Providence, and Order: FrÃ©dÃ©ric Bastiatâ€™s Laissez-Faire
AbstractThe paper suggests that Bastiatâ€™s theory of interests, harmony, and the State is rooted in a particular conception of Natural Right, in which the Lockeans and thomistic streams of thought meet. But it also suggests that Bastiatâ€™s interpretation of the role that Providence plays in human events is not able to give a sustainable theory of liberal order. The paper also considers the criticisms to Bastiatâ€™s economic and political theory coming from exponents of classical liberalism, from the Austrians, and from Catholic thinkers of that time, such as L. Taparelli dâ€™Azeglio and M. Liberatore. The conclusion is that although the economic theory of Bastiat is by now obsolete from the conceptual point of view, his political theory and his criticism of the state do remain extraordinarily topical. Cet article suggÃ¨re que les thÃ©ories des intÃ©rÃªts, de lâ€™harmonie et de lâ€™Etat de Bastiat sont ancrÃ©es dans une conception particuliÃ¨re du droit naturel au confluent des pensÃ©es lockÃ©enne et thomiste. Cependant, il suggÃ¨re aussi que lâ€™interprÃ©tation que donne Bastiat du rÃ´le de la Providence dans les affaires humaines ne dÃ©bouche pas sur une thÃ©orie recevable de lâ€™ordre libÃ©ral. Lâ€™article examine aussi les critiques quâ€™adressent les partisans du libÃ©ralisme classique-tels que les Ã©conomistes autrichiens, les penseurs catholiques de lâ€™Ã©poque comme L. Taparelli dâ€™Azeglio et M. Liberatore-Ã lâ€™Ã©gard des thÃ©ories Ã©conomiques et politiques de Bastiat. Lâ€™article conclut que le caractÃ¨re obsolÃ¨te des thÃ©ories de Bastiat dâ€™un point de vue conceptuel ne remet pas en cause la singuliÃ¨re actualitÃ© de sa thÃ©orie politique et de sa critique de lâ€™Etat.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by De Gruyter in its journal Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines.
Volume (Year): 11 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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Web page: http://www.degruyter.com
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