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An Empirical Estimate of the Labor Response Function for Benefit-Cost Analysis

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  • Vitaliano Donald F.

    (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute)

Abstract

Since the seminal contribution of Haveman and Krutilla(1968), the subject of the potential drawdown from the pool of unemployed versus diversion of labor from existing employments consequent upon a public investment project has been largely neglected in the BCA literature. The advent of a new BLS series on job vacancies now permits direct estimation of the crucial unemployment-vacancies (U-V) relationship, as compared to the ad hoc sine function using the unemployment rate assumed by Haveman and Krutilla. The probability p of a worker being drawn from the pool of unemployed is recast as a function of the job vacancy rate (vacancies/labor force) and shows higher values than Haveman and Krutilla at comparable rates of unemployment. At the height of the 2008-09 Great Recession, about half of Stimulus induced jobs were drawn from the pool of unemployed.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis.

Volume (Year): 3 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
Pages: 1-12

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:jbcacn:v:3:y:2012:i:3:n:1

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Web page: http://www.degruyter.com

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