An Analytical Approach to the Welfare Cost of Business Cycles and the Benefit from Activist Monetary Policy
AbstractA closed-form solution for quantity and asset-price movements in a dynamic general equilibrium model with non-state-separable preferences shows that the welfare cost of fluctuations and the equity premium can be large in such a model. But a large welfare loss from cycles does not imply a large gain from good monetary policy. Although monetary policy can implement the optimal allocation in a sticky-price version of the model, the gain from such activism is trivial because the optimal allocation continues to imply volatile consumption in response to productivity shocks. This highlights a distinction between recent models and older Keynesian-style models: In recent models, fluctuations are largely an efficient response to shocks and inefficiencies stem from price distortions associated with price rigidity, i.e., Harberger triangles. In the older literature, fluctuations were viewed as inherently inefficient with large costs, i.e., Okun's gaps.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics.
Volume (Year): 3 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
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Other versions of this item:
- Michael T. Kiley, 2001. "An analytical approach to the welfare cost of business cycles and the benefit from activist monetary policy," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2001-41, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
- E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
- G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
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