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When Schools Are the Ones that Choose: The Effects of Screening in Chile

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  • Dante Contreras
  • Paulina Sep�lveda
  • Sebastián Bustos

Abstract

The voucher scheme introduced in Chile in 1981 allows for-profit private subsidized schools to choose their students. The objective of this article is to present evidence of this practice and examine its relationship with academic performance using information from the 2005 SIMCE test, in which parents were asked about the admission requirements for their children's schools. We present evidence indicating that student selection is a widespread practice among private subsidized schools. Copyright (c) 2010 by the Southwestern Social Science Association.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Southwestern Social Science Association in its journal Social Science Quarterly.

Volume (Year): 91 (2010)
Issue (Month): s1 ()
Pages: 1349-1368

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Handle: RePEc:bla:socsci:v:91:y:2010:i:s1:p:1349-1368

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References

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  1. Mark Schneider & Gregory Elacqua & Jack Buckley, 2006. "School choice in Chile: Is it class or the classroom?," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(3), pages 577-601.
  2. McEwan, Patrick J., 2003. "Peer effects on student achievement: evidence from Chile," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 131-141, April.
  3. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-77, September.
  4. Hanushek, Eric A & Rivkin, Steven G & Taylor, Lori L, 1996. "Aggregation and the Estimated Effects of School Resources," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(4), pages 611-27, November.
  5. Hsieh, Chang-Tai & Urquiola, Miguel, 2006. "The effects of generalized school choice on achievement and stratification: Evidence from Chile's voucher program," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 90(8-9), pages 1477-1503, September.
  6. Epple, Dennis & Romano, Richard E, 1998. "Competition between Private and Public Schools, Vouchers, and Peer-Group Effects," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 33-62, March.
  7. Dante Contreras, 2002. "Vouchers, School Choice and the Access to Higher Education," Working Papers, Economic Growth Center, Yale University 845, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  8. Alejandra Mizala & Pilar Romaguera, 2000. "School Performance and Choice: The Chilean Experience," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(2), pages 392-417.
  9. Patrick McEwan, 2001. "The Effectiveness of Public, Catholic, and Non-Religious Private Schools in Chile's Voucher System," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(2), pages 103-128.
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Cited by:
  1. Patrinos, Harry A. & Sakellariou, Chris, 2011. "Quality of Schooling, Returns to Schooling and the 1981 Vouchers Reform in Chile," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(12), pages 2245-2256.
  2. Gregory Elacqua & Mat’as Martinez & Humberto Santos & Daniela Urbina, 2012. "School closures in Chile: Access to quality alternatives in a school choice system," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 39(2 Year 20), pages 179-202, December.
  3. Francisco Gallego & Andrés Hernando, 2009. "School Choice in Chile: Looking at the Demand Side," Documentos de Trabajo, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. 356, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  4. Marcela Rom‡n & Marcela Perticar‡, 2012. "Student mobility in low quality schools: Segmentation among the most vulnerable students," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 39(2 Year 20), pages 159-177, December.
  5. Juan Pablo Valenzuela & Gabriela Gómez V. & Carmen Sotomayor, 2012. "The role of reading engagement in a case of national achievement improvement: analysis of Chilean results in PISA 2001-2009," Working Papers, University of Chile, Department of Economics wp367, University of Chile, Department of Economics.

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