Technology, Factor Proportions and Competitiveness
AbstractThis paper reports an attempt to explain changes in the industrial pattern of relative international competitiveness and specializ ation in the Swedish manufacturing industry during the period 1969-84 . The author evaluates the role of R&D expenditure in this process. R elative international competitiveness was found to improve in industr ies intensive in human as well as physical capital. The analysis conf irmed the "technology gap" hypothesis in that a high level of R&D e xpenditure, relative to competitors, improved the Swedish market posi tion; on the other hand, no indication was found of increased interna tional specialization on R&D-intensive products in Swedish industry. Copyright 1988 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Scandinavian Journal of Economics.
Volume (Year): 90 (1988)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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Web page: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1467-9442
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- Garcia Pires, Armando José, 2006. "International Trade with Competitiveness Effects in R&D," CEPR Discussion Papers 5547, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Armando Garcia Pires, 2012. "International trade and competitiveness," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 727-763, August.
- Imre Ferto & KÃ¡roly Attila SoÃ³s, 2012. "Controversial issues in factors determining intra-industry trade," International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1/2), pages 132-148.
- Fors, Gunnar, 1996. "Utilization of R&D Results in the Home and Foreign Plants of Multinationals," Working Paper Series 459, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
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