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The Measurement Of Employment Status In South Africa Using Cohort Analysis, 1994-2004


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  • Nicola Branson
  • Martin Wittenberg


We analyse trends in employment, unemployment and labour force participation by simple graphical techniques, using all the October Household Surveys and the September Labour Force Surveys. We show that African male employment in 1995 seems high, when compared to all the other surveys. Furthermore much of the increase in African female labour force participation is concentrated in the period 1998 to 2000, which suggests that measurement and sampling changes may be partially responsible for the trend. We track cohorts of individuals over the eleven years for which we have data. We show that young people are leaving school earlier, while being better educated than their elders. They are not, however, being absorbed into employment at a faster rate. This has led to a spike in youth unemployment. Copyright (c) 2007 The Authors; Journal compilation (c) Economic Society of South Africa 2007.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Economic Society of South Africa in its journal South African Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 75 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 (06)
Pages: 313-326

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Handle: RePEc:bla:sajeco:v:75:y:2007:i:2:p:313-326

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Cited by:
  1. Nicola Branson, 2009. "Re-weighting the OHS and LFS National household Survey Data to create a consistent series over time: A Cross Entropy Estimation Approach," SALDRU Working Papers 38, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.
  2. Burger, Rulof & van der Berg, Servaas & von Fintel, Dieter, 2013. "The Unintended Consequences of Education Policies on South African Participation and Unemployment," IZA Discussion Papers 7450, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Reza C. Daniels, 2012. "A Framework for Investigating Micro Data Quality, with Application to South African Labour Market Household Surveys," SALDRU Working Papers 90, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.
  4. Nicola Branson & Martin Wittenberg, 2011. "Re-weighting South African National Household Survey Data to create a consistent series over time: A cross entropy estimation approach," SALDRU Working Papers 54, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.
  5. Nic Baigrie & Katherine Eyal, 2013. "An evaluation of the determinants and implications of panel attrition in the National Income Dynamics Survey (2008 – 2010)," SALDRU Working Papers 103, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.


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