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On Measuring And Explaining Socioeconomic Polarization In Health With An Application To French Data

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  • Bénédicte H. Apouey

Abstract

This paper proposes two original measures of socioeconomic polarization, in order to quantify phenomena that are not always taken into account by social inequality measures. Our approach is inspired by the literature on bivariate inequality (the concentration index) and univariate polarization. Like the concentration index, our social polarization measures can be easily computed thanks to a "convenient" regression and decomposed into their determinants. Moreover changes in polarization can also be decomposed into their causes. The paper also provides an empirical illustration of our methods for the probability of reporting excellent or very good health, using cross-sectional data on French women. The findings suggest that after 65 years of age, social polarization in this probability decreases whereas social inequality remains stable. Consequently social polarization conveys additional information to that contained in the concentration index. Copyright 2009 The Author. Journal compilation International Association for Research in Income and Wealth 2009.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by International Association for Research in Income and Wealth in its journal Review of Income and Wealth.

Volume (Year): 56 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (03)
Pages: 141-170

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Handle: RePEc:bla:revinw:v:56:y:2010:i:1:p:141-170

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Cited by:
  1. Jones, Andrew M. & Rice, Nigel & Robone, Silvana & Dias, Pedro Rosa, 2011. "Inequality and polarisation in health systems' responsiveness: A cross-country analysis," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 616-625, July.
  2. Deutsch, Joseph & Fusco, Alessio & Silber, Jacques, 2013. "The BIP Trilogy (bipolarization, inequality and polarization): One saga but three different stories," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 7(22), pages 1-33.
  3. repec:hal:psewpa:halshs-00850014 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00850014 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Bénédicte H. Apouey & Jacques Silber, 2013. "Inequality and bi-polarization in socioeconomic status and health: Ordinal approaches," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique", HAL halshs-00850014, HAL.

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