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Household Needs and Poverty: With Application to Spain and the U.K

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  • Duclos, Jean-Yves
  • Mercader-Prats, Magda

Abstract

The authors examine the sensitivity of U.K.-Spanish poverty comparisons to variations in the dependence of equivalence scales on household size and composition, using evidence from national household budget surveys. They sum up these comparisons using subjective confidence levels. Taking into account the dissimilarities in the distribution of incomes and needs across countries, the authors find, inter alia, that although the poor are typically more numerous in Spain than in Britain, the actual headcount differences may vary by up to 10 percent of the population when needs allowances are altered, even when kept the same across the two countries. Comparisons of poverty composition across the two countries are also very sensitive to the choice of equivalence scale parameters. Generally, however, the proportion of single adults among the poor is much less important in Spain than in Britain, the reverse being true for households with three or more adults. Copyright 1999 by The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by International Association for Research in Income and Wealth in its journal Review of Income & Wealth.

Volume (Year): 45 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 77-98

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Handle: RePEc:bla:revinw:v:45:y:1999:i:1:p:77-98

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Cited by:
  1. Coral del Río & Javier Ruiz-Castillo, 2001. "TIPs for poverty analysis. The case of Spain, 1980-81 to 1990-91," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 25(1), pages 63-91, January.
  2. Miguel Szekely & Nora Lustig & Martin Cumpa & Jose Antonio Mejia, 2004. "Do we know how much poverty there is?," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 523-558.
  3. Antonio Cutanda, 2002. "La medición de la desigualdad a través de un modelo de elección intertemporal," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 163(4), pages 93-117, December.
  4. Olga Cantó-Sánchez & Magda Mercader-Prats, . "Poverty among children and youth in Spain: The role of parents and youth employment status," Studies on the Spanish Economy 46, FEDEA.
  5. Elena Bárcena Martín & Frank A. Cowell, 2006. "Static and Dynamic Poverty in Spain, 1993-2000," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 179(4), pages 51-77, September.
  6. Francisco Azpitarte, 2008. "Measurement and Identification of Asset-Poor Households: A Cross-National Comparison of Spain and the United Kingdom," Working Papers 105, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  7. Olga Cantó & Coral del Río & Carlos Gradín, 2003. "La evolución de la pobreza estática y dinámica en España en el período 1985-1995," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 167(4), pages 87-119, December.
  8. Luc Nembot Ndeffo & Ngangue Ngwen & Pierre Joubert Nguetse Tegoum & Cyrille Bergaly Kamdem & Marianne Makoudem, 2007. "Impact des échelles d'équivalence sur la répartition spatiale de la pauvreté au Cameroun: une approche dynamique," Working Papers PMMA 2007-04, PEP-PMMA.
  9. Paul Makdissi & Quentin Wodon, 2004. "Migration, poverty, and housing in Honduras," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 31(1 Year 20), pages 5-20, June.
  10. Miguel Székely & Nora Lustig & Martin Cumpa & José Antonio Mejía-Guerra, 2000. "¿Sabemos qué tanta pobreza hay?," Research Department Publications 4240, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  11. Francisco Azpitarte, 2011. "Measurement and identification of asset-poor households: a cross-national comparison of Spain and the United Kingdom," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 87-110, March.
  12. Luis Ayala & Rosa Martínez & Jesús Ruiz Huerta, 2003. "Equivalence scales in tax and transfer policies," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 27(3), pages 593-614, September.
  13. Huesca, Luis, 2004. "¿Desaparece la clase media en México?: Una aplicación de la polarización por subgrupos entre 1984 y 2000
    [Is the middle class vanishing in Mexico?: An application of polarization by subgroups b
    ," MPRA Paper 14390, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Pérez Moreno, Salvador, 2009. "El estudio de la pobreza en España desde una óptica económica: medición y políticas /The Study of Poverty in Spain from an Economic Perspective: Measurement and Policies," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 349-372, Agosto.
  15. Josep Oliver Alonso & Xavier Ramos & José Luis Raymond-Bara, 2001. "Recent trends in Spanish Income Distribution: A Robust Picture of Falling Income Inequality," Working Papers wp0107, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
  16. Núñez Velázquez, José Javier, 2009. "Estado actual y nuevas aproximaciones a la medición de la pobreza/Current Status and New Approaches to the Measurement of Poverty," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 325-346, Agosto.
  17. Sara Torregrosa Hetland, 2014. "A fiscal revolution? Progressivity in the Spanish tax system, 1960-1990," Working Papers 2014/8, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).

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