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Income Inequality in Australia and New Zealand: International Comparisons and Recent Trends

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  • Saunders, Peter
  • Stott, Helen
  • Hobbes, Garry
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    Abstract

    In this paper, the authors present results on the distribution of income in Australia and New Zealand that can be compared with those for a range of other advanced countries. The framework of analysis, concepts, and definitions used have been developed as part of the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS). Using data for the early 1980s, the results indicate that the income distributions in Australia and New Zealand are not, as previous research has suggested, more equal than those in other countries. Neither country has an equivalent net family income inequality ranking in the top half of the eight countries studied. Further analysis indicates increasing inequality in Australia in the first half of the 1980s and, on the basis of some indicators, in New Zealand also. The paper does not investigate the causes of these increases in inequality, although the results indicate that the rise in property income has been a factor behind them. Copyright 1991 by The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by International Association for Research in Income and Wealth in its journal Review of Income & Wealth.

    Volume (Year): 37 (1991)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 63-79

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:revinw:v:37:y:1991:i:1:p:63-79

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    Cited by:
    1. Tim Callan & Claire Keane, 2008. "Non-Cash Benefits and the Distribution of Economic Welfare," Papers, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) WP245, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    2. Francisco Azpitarte & Olga Alonso-Villar, 2012. "A Dominance Criterion for Measuring Income Inequality from a Centrist View: The Case of Australia," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne wp2012n03, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
    3. Bruce Bradbury, 1999. "Tax Theory and Targeting: A Survey," Discussion Papers, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre 00100, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.
    4. A.B. Atkinson & Andrew Leigh, 2006. "The Distribution of Top Incomes in Australia," CEPR Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University 514, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
    5. Peter Saunders, 1998. "Using Budget Standards to Assess the Well-Being of Families," Discussion Papers, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre 0093, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.
    6. Peter Saunders & Cathy Thomson & Ceri Evans, 2000. "Social Change and Social Policy: Results from a Survey of Public Opinion," Discussion Papers, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre 00106, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.
    7. Tony Eardley & Peter Saunders & Ceri Evans, 2000. "Community Attitudes Towards Unemployment, Activity Testing and Mutual Obligation," Discussion Papers, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre 00107, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.

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