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Trade-Induced Unemployment: How Much Do We Care?

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  • Yoto V. Yotov

Abstract

It is a common perception that a government, especially in the face of elections, is particularly sensitive to the presence of trade-induced unemployment. In this paper, I ask: how much weight does the incumbent politician actually attach to unemployment resulting from trade? To answer, I build a model that captures government's sympathy to trade-affected workers and allows me to decompose the channels through which trade-induced unemployment affects the level of sectoral protection chosen by a politically-driven incumbent official. I provide empirical evidence that the US government is very sensitive to the presence and the magnitude of trade-induced unemployment. Specifically, I estimate the weight that the office holder attaches to the welfare of trade-affected workers to be positive, significant, and four times larger than the weight on the welfare of those who are not affected by trade. Copyright � 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Review of International Economics.

Volume (Year): 18 (2010)
Issue (Month): 5 (November)
Pages: 972-989

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Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:18:y:2010:i:5:p:972-989

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Cited by:
  1. Stephanie Meinhard & Niklas Potrafke, 2011. "The Globalization-welfare State Nexus Reconsidered," Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz 2011-27, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz.
  2. Baybars Karacaovali, 2012. "Trade Policy Determinants and Trade Reform in a Developing Country: The Case of Colombia," Working Papers 201220R, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  3. Uysal , Pinar & Yotov, Yoto & Zylkin , Thomas, 2014. "Trade Liberalization, Firm Heterogeneity, and Labor Layoffs: An Empirical Investigation," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2014-6, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University.
  4. Baybars Karacaovali, 2011. "Trade Policy Determinants and Trade Reform in a Developing Country," Fordham Economics Discussion Paper Series dp2011-03, Fordham University, Department of Economics.

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