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Democracy and Development: Cruel Dilemma or Symbiotic Relationship

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  • Bhagwati, Jagdish N
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    Abstract

    The paper dissects the hypothesis that democracy is inimical to economic development. The historical origin of this perspective is presented and its key theoretical and empirical assumptions are examined and assessed. The chief conclusion is that there is no necessary tradeoff between democracy and development. When compared to authoritarian regimes, democracy is more likely to foster an environment that facilitates the innovative and entrepreneurial process so essential for sustained development. On the other hand, democracy is better for development only when accompanied by an expansion of markets and competition. Democracy without markets is unlikely to deliver significant growth. In this context, liberalized international trade can act in a productive symbiosis with democratic institutions to promote development by facilitating bilateral flows of ideas, knowledge, goods, services, and technology. Copyright 2002 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Review of Development Economics.

    Volume (Year): 6 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 151-62

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:rdevec:v:6:y:2002:i:2:p:151-62

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    Cited by:
    1. Tang, Sam Hak Kan & Yung, Linda Chor Wing, 2008. "Does rapid economic growth enhance democratization? Time-series evidence from high performing Asian economies," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 244-253, June.
    2. Jessica Henson Decker & Jamus Jerome Lim, 2008. "What fundamentally drives growth? Revisiting the institutions and economic performance debate," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(5), pages 698-725.
    3. Jac, Heckelman, 2009. "The connection between democratic freedoms and growth in transition economies," MPRA Paper 21533, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Mireille Razafindrakoto & François Roubaud, 2005. "Les pauvres, la démocratie et le marché : une analyse à partir de trois séries d'enquêtes auprès de la population malgache," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 19(1), pages 53-89.
    5. Robert Neumann & Peter Graeff, 2010. "A Multitrait-Multimethod approach to pinpoint the validity of aggregated governance indicators," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 44(5), pages 849-864, August.
    6. Mihai Mutascu & Anne-Marie Fleischer, 2011. "A Logit Analysis Of Development And Democracy. The Romania’S Case," Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" din Iasi - Stiinte Economice, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 2011, pages 173-182, july.
    7. Eduardo Sanz-Arcega, 2013. "The Nonexistence of the cruel dilemma or the unlikely prosperity of the economic system of freedom in the absence of it," Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) 1308, Asociación Española de Historia Económica.

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