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Migration and regional convergence: An empirical investigation for Turkey

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  • Murat G. Kırdar
  • D. Şirin Saracoğlu

Abstract

The standard growth model predicts that allowing labour mobility across regions would increase the speed of convergence in per capita income levels and that migration has a negative causal impact on regional growth rates. Although the empirical literature has uncovered some evidence for the former implication, the latter has not been verified empirically. This paper provides empirical evidence for the negative causal impact of migration on provincial growth rates in a developing country with a high level of internal migration characterized by unskilled labour exiting rural areas for urban centres. We utilize an instrumental variables estimation method with an instrument unique to the country examined, controlling for provincial fixed effects. Copyright (c) 2008 the author(s). Journal compilation (c) 2008 RSAI.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Papers in Regional Science.

Volume (Year): 87 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 545-566

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Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:87:y:2008:i:4:p:545-566

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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=1056-8190

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References

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  1. repec:chb:bcchwp:03 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Temel, Tugrul T. & Tansel, Aysit & Albersen, P.J., 1999. "Convergence and Spatial Patterns in Labor Productivity: Nonparametric Estimations for Turkey," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 29(1).
  3. Orhan Karaca, 2004. "Türkiye’de Bölgelerarasý Gelir Farklýlýklarý: Yakýnsama Var mý?," Working Papers, Turkish Economic Association 2004/7, Turkish Economic Association.
  4. Caselli, Francesco & Esquivel, Gerardo & Lefort, Fernando, 1996. " Reopening the Convergence Debate: A New Look at Cross-Country Growth Empirics," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 1(3), pages 363-89, September.
  5. Islam, Nazrul, 1995. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1127-70, November.
  6. Aysit Tansel & Nil Demet Gungor, 1999. "Economic Growth and Convergence An Application to the Provinces of Turkey, 1975-1995," Working Papers, Economic Research Forum 9908, Economic Research Forum, revised Mar 1999.
  7. Shioji, Etsuro, 2001. "Composition Effect of Migration and Regional Growth in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 29-49, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Etzo, Ivan, 2008. "Internal migration and growth in Italy," MPRA Paper 8642, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Elena Vakulenko, 2014. "Does migration lead to regional convergence in Russia?," HSE Working papers, National Research University Higher School of Economics WP BRP 53/EC/2014, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
  3. Ceren Ozgen & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2010. "The effect of migration on income growth and convergence: Meta-analytic evidence," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 89(3), pages 537-561, 08.
  4. Unal Zenginobuz & Sumru Altug, 2009. "What has been the Role of Investment in Turkey's Growth Performance?," Working Papers, Bogazici University, Department of Economics 2009/02, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.
  5. Etzo, Ivan, 2008. "Internal migration: a review of the literature," MPRA Paper 8783, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Buch, Tanja & Hamann, Silke & Meier, Henning & Niebuhr, Annekatrin & Peters, Cornelius & Puckelwald, Johannes, 2011. "Analyse der Berücksichtigung eines Wanderungsindikators im Rahmen der Abgrenzung des GRW-Fördergebiets : Gutachten für die Gemeinschaftsaufgabe "Verbesserung der regionalen Wirtschaftsstruktur," IAB-Forschungsbericht, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 201104, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  7. Fatih Celebioglu & Sandy Dall’erba, 2010. "Spatial disparities across the regions of Turkey: an exploratory spatial data analysis," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 379-400, October.

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