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Innovation, Entrepreneurship und Demographie

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  • Dietmar Harhoff

Abstract

The German economy is highly specialized in incremental innovations. A number of high-technology industries have established themselves in Germany only slowly over the last decades. Innovation policy has tried to support the startup of high technology enterprises, e.g., by improvements for certain types of finance, incentives for founders and the reform of technology commercialization at universities. However, these measures have been counteracted by the German tax system which affects innovation adversely in some parts. Moreover, the emerging shifts in the age structure of the German population could affect innovation incentives and entrepreneurship negatively. Another important demographic aspect is the dominance of men in science and technology. Stronger participation by women in male-dominated scientific and technical professions could compensate partially for the effects of changes in the age structure. Copyright 2008 der Autor Journal compilation 2008, Verein für Socialpolitik und Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Verein für Socialpolitik in its journal Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik.

Volume (Year): 9 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 (08)
Pages: 46-72

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Handle: RePEc:bla:perwir:v:9:y:2008:i:3:p:46-72

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  1. Werner Bönte & Oliver Falck & Stephan Heblich, 2007. "Demography and Innovative Entrepreneurship," Jena Economic Research Papers 2007-084, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
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  7. Henseke, Golo & Tivig, Thusnelda, 2007. "Demographic change and industry-specific innovation patterns in Germany," Thuenen-Series of Applied Economic Theory 72, University of Rostock, Institute of Economics.
  8. Börsch-Supan, Axel & Düzgün, Ismail & Weiss, Matthias, 2005. "Altern und Produktivität: Zum Stand der Forschung," MEA discussion paper series 05073, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
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  12. Myriam Mariani & Marzia Romanelli, 2006. ""Stacking" or "Picking" Patents? The Inventors' Choice Between Quantity and Quality," LEM Papers Series 2006/06, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
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  14. David Galenson, 2004. "A Portrait of the Artists as Young or Old Innovators," World Economics, World Economics, Economic & Financial Publishing, 1 Ivory Square, Plantation Wharf, London, United Kingdom, SW11 3UE, vol. 5(4), pages 175-188, October.
  15. Voßkamp, Rainer & Nehlsen, Heiko & Dohmen, Dieter, 2007. "Höherqualifizierungs- und Bildungsstrategien anderer Länder: Studie im Rahmen der Berichterstattung zur technologischen Leistungsfähigkeit Deutschlands," FiBS-Forum 36, Forschungsinstitut für Bildungs- und Sozialökonomie (FiBS).
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Konrad, Kai A. & Kovenock, Dan, 2008. "Competition for FDI with vintage investment and agglomeration advantages," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Market Processes and Governance SP II 2008-09, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  2. Alexander Ebner, 2010. "Varieties of Capitalism and the Limits of Entrepreneurship Policy: Institutional Reform in Germany’s Coordinated Market Economy," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 319-341, September.
  3. Oliver Falck & Stefan Kipar & Ludger Wößmann, 2011. "Innovationstätigkeit von Unternehmen : die Rolle von Qualifikationen, Kooperationen und Clusterpolitik," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 38.
  4. Oliver Falck & Stefan Kipar & Ludger Wößmann, 2008. "Humankapital und Innovationstätigkeit von Unternehmen: erste deskriptive Befunde neuer Fragen im ifo Innovationstest," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 61(07), pages 10-16, 04.

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