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Educational Attainment and the Rural--Urban Divide in China

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  • Knight, John
  • Li, Shi

Abstract

A national household income survey and census data are used to examine the determinants of educational attainment in China. Rural and Urban areas are analyzed separately, and contrasted, owing to the sharp economic and institutional divide between them. The roles of income, age, gender, ethnicity, region and family background are explored. An attempt is made to distinguish between demand-and supply-constraints. The opportunity and other costs of rural schooling, and the reasons for leaving school, are examined. Income levels and incentives are important in explaining rural dropping-out, and parental education is a powerful influence on enrollment and achievement. The considerable inequality of educational opportunity in China requires corrective policies. Copyright 1996 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Department of Economics, University of Oxford in its journal Oxford Bulletin of Economics & Statistics.

Volume (Year): 58 (1996)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 83-117

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Handle: RePEc:bla:obuest:v:58:y:1996:i:1:p:83-117

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Cited by:
  1. Qu, Zhaopeng (Frank) & Zhao, Zhong, 2008. "Urban-Rural Consumption Inequality in China from 1988 to 2002: Evidence from Quantile Regression Decomposition," IZA Discussion Papers 3659, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Barry Bosworth & Susan M. Collins, 2008. "Accounting for Growth: Comparing China and India," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 22(1), pages 45-66, Winter.
  3. Jean-Marie Viaene & Itzhak Zilcha, 2001. "Human Capital Formation, Income Inequality and Growth," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 01-104/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  4. John Knight & Li Shi & Deng Quheng, 2008. "Education and the Poverty Trap in Rural China," CSAE Working Paper Series 2008-02, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  5. Deininger, Klaus & Songqing Jin, 2002. "The impact of property rights on households'investment, risk coping, and policy preferences : evidence from China," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2931, The World Bank.
  6. Paul Frijters & Luo Chuliang & Xin Meng, 2012. "Child Education and the Family Income Gradient in China," Discussion Papers Series 470, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
  7. Richard G. Harris & Peter E. Robertson & Jessica Y. Xu, 2010. "The International Effects of China's Growth, Trade and Ecucation Booms," Economics Discussion / Working Papers, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics 10-04, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
  8. Viaene, J.-M. & Zilcha, I., 2001. "Human Capital Formation, Income Inequality and Growth," Papers, Tel Aviv 2001-13, Tel Aviv.
  9. Mehmet A. Ulubasoglu & Buly Cardak, 2006. "International Comparisons of Rural-Urban Educational Attainment: Data and Determinants," Economics Series 2006_13, Deakin University, Faculty of Business and Law, School of Accounting, Economics and Finance.
  10. Pushkar Maitra, 2001. "Schooling and Educational Attainment: Evidence from Bangladesh," ASARC Working Papers, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre 2001-07, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
  11. YU, Yanjiong, 2007. "户籍管制、信贷约束与农村留守子女教育投资
    [The Household Registration, Credit Constraint and Educational Investment on the Rural Left Children]
    ," MPRA Paper 18060, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Jessica Holmes, 1999. "Measuring the Determinants of School Completion in Pakistan: Analysis of Censoring and Selection Bias," Working Papers, Economic Growth Center, Yale University 794, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  13. Maimaiti, Yasheng & Siebert, W. Stanley, 2009. "The Gender Education Gap in China: The Power of Water," IZA Discussion Papers 4108, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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