Civic Duty and Expressive Voting: Is Virtue Its Own Reward?
AbstractElectoral turnout cannot be easily explained by reference to instrumental rationality. Instead, turnout depends on consumption gains arising from the act of voting. This paper distinguishes between utility derived from fulfilling a civic duty and utility derived from expressing a political preference. Both considerations affect turnout but a test of the determinants of the decision of whether to vote and the decision of how to vote identifies the importance of perceptions of civic duty. Evidence suggests that intrinsic motivation is important. If so, policy to maintain standards in public life should be framed to "crowd in" intrinsic motivation. Copyright 2000 by WWZ and Helbing & Lichtenhahn Verlag AG
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Volume (Year): 53 (2000)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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