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The Meaning of "Upstream" and "Downstream" and the Implications for Modeling Vertical Mergers

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  • Salinger, Michael A

Abstract

This paper discusses alternative definitions of the terms "upstream" and "downstream," and shows how each can be represented within a single model of complementary oligopoly. The different definitions have strikingly different implications for the effect of vertical mergers. While the correct definition is not obvious, the model implies an observable condition that determines the competitive effect of a vertical merger. This condition can be a guide to empirical studies of vertical mergers and integration. Copyright 1989 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Industrial Economics.

Volume (Year): 37 (1989)
Issue (Month): 4 (June)
Pages: 373-87

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jindec:v:37:y:1989:i:4:p:373-87

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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-1821

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Cited by:
  1. Kerem Cakirer, 2007. "A Fixed Effect Model of Endogenous Integration Decision and Its Competitive Effects," Working Papers 2007-18, Indiana University, Kelley School of Business, Department of Business Economics and Public Policy.
  2. Nepelski, Daniel, 2009. "Value chain structure and �exible production technologies," MPRA Paper 26236, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Mattoo, Aaditya, 1999. "Can no antitrust policy be better than some antitrust policy?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2191, The World Bank.
  4. Nicholas Economides, 1994. "The Incentive for Vertical Integration," Working Papers 94-05, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
  5. Kranz, Johann & Picot, Arnold & Roemer, Benedikt, 2011. "Unlocking the potential of the smart metering technology: How can regulation level the playing-field for new services in smart grids?," 22nd European Regional ITS Conference, Budapest 2011: Innovative ICT Applications - Emerging Regulatory, Economic and Policy Issues 52183, International Telecommunications Society (ITS).
  6. Hecking, Harald & Panke, Timo, 2014. "Quantity-setting Oligopolies in Complementary Input Markets - the Case of Iron Ore and Coking Coal," EWI Working Papers 2014-6, Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln.
  7. Arup Bose & Barnali Gupta, 2013. "Mixed markets in bilateral monopoly," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 110(2), pages 141-164, October.
  8. Richard S. Higgins, 1999. "Competitive vertical foreclosure," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(4), pages 229-237.
  9. Yoonhee Tina Chang, 2004. "Relationship Banking in Bilateral Oligopoly and Asymmetric Information," Econometric Society 2004 Far Eastern Meetings 734, Econometric Society.

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