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Is The Book-To-Market Ratio A Measure Of Risk?

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  • Robert F. Peterkort
  • James F. Nielsen
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    Abstract

    We develop a leverage-based alternative to traditional asset pricing models to investigate whether the book-to-market ratio acts as a proxy for risk. We argue that the book-to-market ratio should act as a proxy because of the expected relations between (1) financial risk and measures of capital structure based on the market value of equity and (2) asset risk and measures of capital structure based on the book value of equity. We find no relation between average stock returns and the book-to-market ratio in all-equity firms after controlling for firm size, and an inverse relation between average stock returns and the book-to-market ratio in firms with a negative book value of equity. 2005 The Southern Finance Association and the Southwestern Finance Association.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Southern Finance Association & Southwestern Finance Association in its journal Journal of Financial Research.

    Volume (Year): 28 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 487-502

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:jfnres:v:28:y:2005:i:4:p:487-502

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    Cited by:
    1. Huang, I-Hsiang, 2011. "The cyclical behavior of the risk of value strategy: Evidence from Taiwan," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 404-419, September.
    2. Tomáš Buus, 2008. "HML and SMB Premiums in the Recent Scholar Literature – Magnitude and Nature," Český finanční a účetní časopis, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2008(2), pages 31-41.
    3. En-Der Su & Shih-Ming Huang, 2010. "Comparing Firm Failure Predictions Between Logit, KMV, and ZPP Models: Evidence from Taiwan’s Electronics Industry," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer, vol. 17(3), pages 209-239, September.

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