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Dual Betas from Bull and Bear Markets: Reversal of the Size Effect

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  • Bhardwaj, Ravinder K
  • Brooks, LeRoy D
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    Abstract

    Significant firm-size-related differences in abnormal returns and systematic risks occur in bull and bear market months from 1926 to 1988. Potential differential return premiums between recessions and expansions appear to be captured by the varying risk model and not the constant risk model. Using a dual-beta market model to adjust for risk differences in bull and bear markets, we find that large firm stocks on average earn significant positive excess returns and small firm stocks earn significant negative excess returns. Superior performance of large firm stocks is even more pronounced outside January.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Southern Finance Association & Southwestern Finance Association in its journal Journal of Financial Research.

    Volume (Year): 16 (1993)
    Issue (Month): 4 (Winter)
    Pages: 269-83

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:jfnres:v:16:y:1993:i:4:p:269-83

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    Web page: http://www.southwesternfinance.org/
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    Cited by:
    1. Domian, Dale L. & Louton, David A., 1995. "Business cycle asymmetry and the stock market," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 451-466.
    2. Max Stevenson, 2001. "Filtering and Forecasting Spot Electricity Prices in the Increasingly Deregulated Australian Electricity Market," Research Paper Series 63, Quantitative Finance Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney.
    3. Chen, Tsung-Cheng & Chien, Chin-Chen, 2011. "Size effect in January and cultural influences in an emerging stock market: The perspective of behavioral finance," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 208-229, April.
    4. Switzer, Lorne N., 2010. "The behaviour of small cap vs. large cap stocks in recessions and recoveries: Empirical evidence for the United States and Canada," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 332-346, December.
    5. Don U. A. Galagedera & Robert Faff, 2005. "Modeling The Risk And Return Relation Conditional On Market Volatility And Market Conditions," International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance (IJTAF), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 8(01), pages 75-95.
    6. Octave JOKUNG & Jean-Christophe MEYFREDI, 2004. "Improving the Market Model: The 4-State Model Alternative," Finance 0403006, EconWPA.
    7. Reyes, Mario G., 1999. "Size, time-varying beta, and conditional heteroscedasticity in UK stock returns," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 1-10, June.
    8. Nath, H. (Mindi) B. & Kim, Jae H. & Brooks, Robert D., 2012. "Realized dual-betas for leading Australian stocks: An evaluation of the estimation methods and the effect of the sampling interval," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 10-22.
    9. Robert Czernkowski & Wendy Green & Yi Wang, 2010. "The value of audit qualifications in China," Managerial Auditing Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 25(5), pages 404-426, June.
    10. Woodward, George & Brooks, Robert, 2009. "Do realized betas exhibit up/down market tendencies?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 511-519, June.
    11. Robert Faff, 2004. "A simple test of the Fama and French model using daily data: Australian evidence," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(2), pages 83-92.
    12. Hock, Thorsten, 2008. "Tactical size rotation in Switzerland," W.E.P. - Würzburg Economic Papers 77, University of Würzburg, Chair for Monetary Policy and International Economics.
    13. Ikram ul Haq & Kashif Rashid, 2014. "Stock Market Efficiency and Size of the Firm: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan," Oeconomics of Knowledge, Saphira Publishing House, vol. 6(1), pages 10-31, March.
    14. Di Iorio, Amalia & Faff, Robert, 2000. "An analysis of asymmetry in foreign currency exposure of the Australian equities market," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 133-159, June.
    15. Woodward, George & Marisetty, Vijaya B., 2005. "Introducing non-linear dynamics to the two-regime market model: Evidence," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-5), pages 559-581, September.
    16. Guay, Richard & L’Her, Jean-François & Suret, Jean-Marc, 1995. "Anomalies de marché, indicateurs macro-économiques et rendement des titres des marchés émergents d’Asie," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 71(4), pages 421-454, décembre.
    17. Kaplanski, Guy, 2004. "Traditional beta, downside risk beta and market risk premiums," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(5), pages 636-653, December.
    18. Don U.A. Galagedera, 2004. "A survey on risk-return analysis," Finance 0406010, EconWPA.
    19. Robert Rutledge & Zhaohui Zhang & Khondkar Karim, 2008. "Is There a Size Effect in the Pricing of Stocks in the Chinese Stock Markets?: The Case of Bull Versus Bear Markets," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer, vol. 15(2), pages 117-133, June.

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