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An Examination of Long-Term Abnormal Stock Returns and Operating Performance Following R&D Increases

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  • Allan C. Eberhart
  • William F. Maxwell
  • Akhtar R. Siddique

    (Office of the Comptroller of the Currency)

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    Abstract

    We examine a sample of 8,313 cases, between 1951 and 2001, where firms unexpectedly increase their research and development (R&D) expenditures by a significant amount. We find consistent evidence of a misreaction, as manifested in the significantly positive abnormal stock returns that our sample firms' shareholders experience following these increases. We also find consistent evidence that our sample firms experience significantly positive long-term abnormal operating performance following their R&D increases. Our findings suggest that R&D increases are beneficial investments, and that the market is slow to recognize the extent of this benefit (consistent with investor underreaction). Copyright 2004 by The American Finance Association.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by American Finance Association in its journal The Journal of Finance.

    Volume (Year): 59 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 2 (04)
    Pages: 623-650

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:59:y:2004:i:2:p:623-650

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    Cited by:
    1. Shen, Carl Hsin-han & Zhang, Hao, 2013. "CEO risk incentives and firm performance following R&D increases," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 1176-1194.
    2. Hirshleifer, David & Hsu, Po-Hsuan & Li, Dongmei, 2013. "Innovative efficiency and stock returns," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(3), pages 632-654.
    3. Faleye, Olubunmi & Mehrotra, Vikas & Morck, Randall, 2006. "When Labor Has a Voice in Corporate Governance," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 41(03), pages 489-510, September.
    4. Paugam, Luc, 2011. "Valorisation et reporting du goodwill : enjeux théoriques et empiriques," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/8007 edited by Casta, Jean-François, September.
    5. Martijn Cremers & Ankur Pareek, 2009. "Institutional Investors’ Investment Durations and Stock Return Anomalies: Momentum, Reversal, Accruals, Share Issuance and R&D Increases," Yale School of Management Working Papers amz2662, Yale School of Management, revised 04 Sep 2009.
    6. Anna Bykova & Evgeniia Kuminova, 2013. "Did relational capital matter during the financial crisis?," HSE Working papers WP BRP 23/FE/2013, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    7. Serfling, Matthew A., 2014. "CEO age and the riskiness of corporate policies," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 251-273.
    8. Sami Gharbi & Jean-Michel Sahut & Frédéric Teulon, 2014. "Research & Development And Volatility Of Equity Returns In The French Market," Working Papers 2014-120, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    9. Chakraborty, Atreya & Rzakhanov, Zaur & Sheikh, Shahbaz, 2014. "Antitakeover provisions, managerial entrenchment and firm innovation," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 30-43.
    10. Chen, Sheng-Syan & Wang, Yanzhi, 2012. "Financial constraints and share repurchases," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 105(2), pages 311-331.
    11. Hsu, Po-Hsuan & Wang, Chong & Wu, Chaopeng, 2013. "Banking systems, innovations, intellectual property protections, and financial markets: Evidence from China," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(12), pages 2390-2396.
    12. Paugam, Luc, 2011. "Should Additional Disclosure be Mandated for Intangibles Assets? Insights from Purchase Price Allocations," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/9228, Paris Dauphine University.
    13. Samaniego Alcántar Ángel & Trejo Pech Carlos Omar & Mongrut Samuel & Fuenzalida Darcy, 2012. "Comportamiento del inversionista a diferentes niveles de inversión en I+D," Contaduría y Administración:Revista Internacional, Accounting and Management: International Journal, vol. 57(3), pages 97-114, julio-sep.
    14. Cho, Jaemin & Lee, Jaeho, 2013. "The venture capital certification role in R&D: Evidence from IPO underpricing in Korea," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 83-108.
    15. Schmid, Thomas & Achleitner, Ann-Kristin & Ampenberger, Markus & Kaserer, Christoph, 2014. "Family firms and R&D behavior – New evidence from a large-scale survey," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 233-244.

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