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Role of Speculative Short Sales in Price Formation: The Case of the Weekend Effect

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  • Honghui Chen

    (University of Baltimore)

  • Vijay Singal

    (Virginia Tech.)

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    Abstract

    We argue that short sellers affect prices in a significant and systematic manner. In particular, we contend that speculative short sales contribute to the weekend effect: The inability to trade over the weekend is likely to cause these short sellers to close their speculative positions on Fridays and reestablish new short positions on Mondays causing stock prices to rise on Fridays and fall on Mondays. We find evidence in support of this hypothesis based on a comparison of high short-interest stocks and low short-interest stocks, stocks with and without actively traded options, IPOs, zero short-interest stocks, and highly volatile stocks. Copyright 2003 by the American Finance Association.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by American Finance Association in its journal The Journal of Finance.

    Volume (Year): 58 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 2 (04)
    Pages: 685-706

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:58:y:2003:i:2:p:685-706

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    Cited by:
    1. Dumitriu, Ramona & Stefanescu, Razvan, 2010. "Changes in the DOW effects in the Romanian foreign exchange market," MPRA Paper 41666, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Mar 2010.
    2. Abhakorn, Pongrapeeporn & Tantisantiwong, Nongnuch, 2012. "A reexamination of capital controls’ effectiveness: Recent experience of Thailand," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 26-38.
    3. Brigida, Matthew & Madura, Jeff, 2012. "Sources of target stock price run-up prior to acquisitions," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 185-198.
    4. Boehmer, Ekkehart & Huszar, Zsuzsa R. & Jordan, Bradford D., 2010. "The good news in short interest," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 80-97, April.
    5. Warren Bailey & Lin Zheng, 2013. "Banks, Bears, and the Financial Crisis," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 1-51, August.
    6. Wessel Marquering & Johan Nisser & Toni Valla, 2006. "Disappearing anomalies: a dynamic analysis of the persistence of anomalies," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 291-302.
    7. Hu, Ou & Huang, Zhaodan & Liao, Bih-shuang, 2009. "Short sale and stock returns: Evidence from the Taiwan Stock Exchange," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 1146-1158, August.
    8. Boynton, Wentworth & Oppenheimer, Henry R. & Reid, Sean F., 2009. "Japanese day-of-the-week return patterns: New results," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 1-12.
    9. Arısoy, Yakup Eser & Altay-Salih, Aslıhan & Pınar, Mustafa Ç, 2014. "Optimal multi-period consumption and investment with short-sale constraints," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 16-24.
    10. Denis Boudreaux & Spuma Rao & Phillip Fuller, 2010. "An investigation of the weekend effect during different market orientations," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 257-268, July.
    11. William Ziemba, 2011. "Investing in the turn-of-the-year effect," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer, vol. 25(4), pages 455-472, December.
    12. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Luis A. Gil-Alana & Alex Plastun & Inna Makarenko, 2014. "The Weekend Effect: A Trading Robot and Fractional Integration Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 4849, CESifo Group Munich.
    13. Anchor Lin & Peggy Swanson, 2010. "Contrarian strategies and investor overreaction under price limits," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer, vol. 34(4), pages 430-454, October.
    14. Boni, Leslie, 2006. "Strategic delivery failures in U.S. equity markets," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 1-26, February.
    15. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Luis Gil-Alana & Alex Plastun & Inna Makarenko, 2014. "The Weekend Effect: A Trading Robot and Fractional Integration Analysis," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1386, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    16. Levy, Tamir & Yagil, Joseph, 2012. "The week-of-the-year effect: Evidence from around the globe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 1963-1974.
    17. Stefanescu, Razvan & Dumitriu, Ramona & Nistor, Costel, 2009. "Investigation about the presence of the day – of - the - week effect in the Bucharest Stock Exchange," MPRA Paper 41749, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 19 Nov 2009.
    18. Alt, Raimund & Fortin, Ines & Weinberger, Simon, 2011. "The Monday effect revisited: An alternative testing approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 447-460, June.
    19. Kazemi, Hossein S. & Zhai, Weili & He, Jibao & Cai, Jinghan, 2013. "Stock Market Volatility, Speculative Short Sellers and Weekend Effect: International Evidence," MPRA Paper 54185, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Jul 2013.
    20. Ariss, Rima Turk & Rezvanian, Rasoul & Mehdian, Seyed M., 2011. "Calendar anomalies in the Gulf Cooperation Council stock markets," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 293-307, September.

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