University Research, Intellectual Property Rights And European Innovation Systems
AbstractThis paper surveys the literature on university patenting. From the point of view of the economic theory of patents, it is argued that patenting knowledge developed by university researchers is paradoxical: patents are normally intended to stimulate knowledge development by providing property rights, but universities operate also under a different incentive scheme, i.e. they receive public funds to perform socially useful knowledge. In the debate surrounding the so-called Bayh-Dole Act in the USA, it has, however, been argued that patents on university inventions may be necessary to stimulate technology transfer from universities to private firms. The first part of the paper addresses two major questions. First, what is the economic logic of Bayh-Dole, and, second, what were the effects on universities and the knowledge they develop? Copyright 2006 The Author Journal compilation � 2006 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Economic Surveys.
Volume (Year): 20 (2006)
Issue (Month): 4 (09)
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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0950-0804
Other versions of this item:
- Bart Verspagen, 2006. "University research, intellectual property rights and European innovation systems," Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS) working paper series 06-05, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS), revised Mar 2006.
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