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Credit Crunch And Household Welfare, The Case Of The Korean Financial Crisis

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  • SUNG JIN KANG
  • YASUYUKI SAWADA

Abstract

The financial crisis in 1997 caused serious deterioration of the Korean economy. We examined the credit crunch in Korea and how it affected household welfare. With household panel data from 1996-1998, we estimated a switching regression model of a consumption Euler equation, which is augmented by endogenous credit constraints. Several empirical findings emerged. First, households coped with the negative shocks by reducing consumption of luxury items while maintaining food, education, and health-related expenditures. Second, the estimated results suggest that the standard consumption Euler equation, i.e., the necessary condition of the life-cycle permanent income hypothesis, does not hold because of binding credit constraints. Especially between 1997 and 1998, the probability of facing credit constraints increased significantly for all households. The expected welfare loss from binding credit constraints increased by 45% during the crisis, suggesting the seriousness of the credit crunch at the household level.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Japanese Economic Association in its journal Japanese Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 59 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 438-458

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jecrev:v:59:y:2008:i:4:p:438-458

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Cited by:
  1. Goh, Chor-ching & Kang, Sung Jin & Sawada, Y asuyuki, 2005. "How did Korean households cope with negative shocks from the financial crisis?," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 239-254, April.
  2. Pushan Dutt & V. Padmanabhan, 2011. "Crisis and Consumption Smoothing," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(3), pages 491-512, 05-06.
  3. Brown, Martin, 2013. "The transmission of banking crises to households : lessons from the 2008-2011 crises in the ECA region," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6528, The World Bank.
  4. SAWADA Yasuyuki & Rima BHATTCHARYAY & KOTERA Tomoaki, 2011. "Aggregate Impacts of Natural and Man-made Disasters: A quantitative comparison," Discussion papers 11023, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  5. Kaytaz, Mehmet & Gul, Misra C., 2014. "Consumer response to economic crisis and lessons for marketers: The Turkish experience," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 2701-2706.

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