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The Effectiveness of Structural Policy in the European Union: An Empirical Analysis for the EU-15 in 1995-2001

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  • MAAIKE BEUGELSDIJK
  • SYLVESTER C.W. EIJFFINGER

Abstract

The main aim of structural policy is to decrease the regional disparities within the European Union (EU). In 2004 ten new member countries joined the EU, and it is expected that this enlargement will cause strong regional disparities within the Union. For this reason the distribution of financial support by structural policy will undergo drastic changes. In this study we consider two main themes. First, convergence of the current EU Member States is empirically tested for the period 1995-2001, and the effect of the structural funds in this context is identified. Structural funds do indeed appear to have had a positive impact, and poorer countries (like Greece) appear to have caught up with the richer countries. The importance of the structural funds in this respect therefore cannot be neglected. Second, we touch on the problem of moral hazard and the substitution effect. It may be expected that receivers of structural funds in some cases are not really eligible and may therefore use the funds inefficiently. Our first and preliminary results seem to indicate that the less clean countries (or as we measure it, more 'corrupt' countries) of the current EU-15 do not gain less economic growth from the structural funds. The hypothesis that structural funds contributed to fewer interregional disparities within the current 15 European countries cannot be rejected. This may mean the intended plans of channelling a big share of the funds to the candidate countries in 2007-13 will probably contribute to higher economic growth in these countries. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2005.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Common Market Studies.

Volume (Year): 43 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 (03)
Pages: 37-51

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jcmkts:v:43:y:2005:i:1:p:37-51

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  1. Jesus Crespo Cuaresma & Doris Ritzberger-Grunwald & Maria Antoinette Silgoner, 2008. "Growth, convergence and EU membership," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(5), pages 643-656.
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Cited by:
  1. Alexe Ileana & Tatomir Cristina Flavia, 2012. "Together Or Apart? Structural Funds And Real Convergence In The New Member States," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(2), pages 63-69, December.
  2. Simeonova-Ganeva, Ralitsa & Ganev, Kaloyan, 2013. "Ефекти От Политиките, Финансирани От Европейските Фондове: Оценяване На Въздействието На Инвестициите В Обр�," MPRA Paper 48176, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Jürgen von Hagen, 2007. "Institutionelle Gestaltung föderaler Systeme: Theorie und Empirie," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 8(2), pages 109-109, 03.
  4. Akcomak, Semih & Ter Weel, Bas, 2007. "How do social capital and government support affect innovation and growth? Evidence from the EU regional support programmes," MERIT Working Papers 009, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  5. Mohl, Philipp & Hagen, Tobias, 2008. "Does EU Cohesion Policy Promote Growth? Evidence from Regional Data and Alternative Econometric Approaches," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-086, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Oldřich Hájek & Jiří Novosák & Petr Zahradník & Pavel Bednář, 2012. "Regional Disparities and Financing of Regional Policy - Some Lessons from the Czech Republic," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2012(3), pages 330-348.
  7. Riccardo Crescenzi & Fabrizio De Filippis & Fabio Pierangeli, 2011. "In tandem for cohesion? Synergies and conflicts between regional and agricultural policies of the European Union," LEQS – LSE 'Europe in Question' Discussion Paper Series 40, European Institute, LSE.
  8. DANIELE, Vittorio, 2009. "Development Policy, Public Spending and Regional Convergence in Italy (1996-2007)," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 9(2).
  9. ARGUELLES, Margarita & BENAVIDES, Carmen & MAYOR, Matias, 2011. "Regional Policy In The Eu Less Favoured Regions For The Period 2000-2006: An Assessment Of The Expenditure Allocation And Governance," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 11(1).
  10. Lars Feld & Jan Schnellenbach & Thushyanthan Baskaran, 2012. "Creative destruction and fiscal institutions: a long-run case study of three regions," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 22(3), pages 563-583, July.
  11. Langhammer, Rolf J., 2009. "Learning from Europe’s Efforts at Integration and Convergence: Lessons for Developing Countries’ Integration Policies," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 28925, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  12. Cornelius Bähr & Ulrike Stierle-von Schütz & Matthias Wrede, 2007. "Dezentralisierung in den EU-Staaten und räumliche Verteilung wirtschaftlicher Aktivitäten," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 8(2), pages 110-129, 03.
  13. Daniele VITTORIO, 2009. "Public Spending And Regional Convergence In Italy," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 4(2(8)_Summ).
  14. Chiara Del Bo & Massimo Florio & Silvia Vignetti & Emanuela Sirtori, 2011. "Additionality and regional development: are EU Structural Funds complements or substitutes of national Public Finance?," Working Papers 201101, Centre for Industrial Studies (CSIL).

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