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Bid-ask Spreads, Trading Volume and Volatility: Intra-day Evidence from the London Stock Exchange


Author Info

  • A. Abhyankar

    (Department of Accountancy and Finance, University of Stirling, Scotland,)

  • D. Ghosh
  • E. Levin
  • R.J. Limmack

    (Department of Accountancy and Finance, University of Stirling, Scotland,)


This paper examines intra-day variations in the bid-ask spread, volatility and volume for stocks traded on the London Stock Exchange. The data set used consists of quote and transactions data for a large sample of 835 stocks traded during the first quarter of 1991. The focus of the study is twofold; first, is to document a number of stylized facts regarding the intra-day behaviour of spread, trading volume, volatility etc. Second, the paper tests some predictions of two theoretical models of intra-day behaviour: the Admati and Pfleiderer and the Brock and Kleidon models. In addition, the paper also studies qualitatively the intra-day behaviour of several variables of interest including volume per transaction, transactions per fifteen-minute interval and spreads/trading volume for stocks of differing liquidity. The results suggest that the bid-ask spread is wide at the open, constant through the day and rises slightly at the close. Trading volume, in contrast is not highest at the open and the close. Volatility, based on the mid-point of the inside spread, shows a U-shaped pattern. Volume per transaction, in contrast, is fairly constant throughout the day. Further, the intra-day trading volume pattern differs for liquid and illiquid stocks. The results provide mixed support for current theoretical models of intra-day behaviour of spread, volume and volatility on the London Stock Exchange Copyright Blackwell Publishers Ltd 1997.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Business Finance & Accounting.

Volume (Year): 24 (1997-04)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 343-362

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jbfnac:v:24:y:1997-04:i:3:p:343-362

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Cited by:
  1. John Anderson & Robert Faff, 2005. "Profitability of Trading Rules in Futures Markets," Accounting Research Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 18(2), pages 83-92, September.
  2. Cumhur Ekinci, 2003. "A Statistical Analysis of Intraday Liquidity, Returns and Volatility of an Individual Stock from the Istanbul Stock Exchange," Finance 0305006, EconWPA, revised 20 May 2004.
  3. Chiang, Thomas C. & Yu, Hai-Chin & Wu, Ming-Chya, 2009. "Statistical properties, dynamic conditional correlation and scaling analysis: Evidence from Dow Jones and Nasdaq high-frequency data," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 388(8), pages 1555-1570.
  4. Bohl, Martin T. & Goodfellow, Christiane & Bialkowski, Jedrzej, 2010. "Individual investors surpass their reputation: Trading behaviour on the Polish futures market," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 480-492, December.
  5. Agarwalla, Sobhesh Kumar & Pandey, Ajay, . "Whether Cross-Listing, Stock-specific and Market-wide Calendar Events impact Intraday Volatility Dynamics? Evidence from the Indian Stock Market using High-frequency Data," IIMA Working Papers WP2012-11-03, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
  6. Fan, Yu-Ju & Lai, Hung-Neng, 2006. "The intraday effect and the extension of trading hours for Taiwanese securities," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 15(4-5), pages 328-347.
  7. Faten Ben Slimane, 2012. "Stock exchange consolidation and return volatility," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 38(6), pages 606-627, May.
  8. Dirk Schiereck & Christian Voigt, 2010. "With or without you: market quality of floor trading when screen trading closes early," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 179-197, February.
  9. Efstathios Panayi & Gareth Peters, 2014. "Survival Models for the Duration of Bid-Ask Spread Deviations," Papers 1406.5487,
  10. Brockman, Paul & Chung, Dennis Y., 1998. "Inter- and intra-day liquidity patterns on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 8(3-4), pages 277-298, December.
  11. Leonardo Bartolini & Svenja Gudell & Spence Hilton & Krista Schwarz, 2005. "Intraday trading in the overnight federal funds market," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 11(Nov).
  12. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Luis Gil-Alana & Alex Plastun & Inna Makarenko, 2014. "Intraday Anomalies and Market Efficiency: A Trading Robot Analysis," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1377, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.


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