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Do Tax Law Changes Influence Ex-Dividend Stock Price Behavior? Evidence from 1926 to 2005

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Author Info

  • Jeff Whitworth
  • Ramesh P. Rao

Abstract

"We test the Elton and Gruber model of ex-dividend stock pricing over a period spanning all US tax law changes since 1926. Our results indicate that price drop ratios (ΔP/D) and ex-day returns are related to dividend and capital gains tax rates in the theorized manner. Consistent with tax clienteles, we also find that ex-day price movements of higher dividend yield stocks are driven more by corporate tax rates, while lower yield stocks are more influenced by personal rates. Finally, we demonstrate that the positive relationship between ΔP/D and the dividend yield becomes stronger as the tax differential | td - t cg | widens." Copyright (c) 2010 Financial Management Association International.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Financial Management Association International in its journal Financial Management.

Volume (Year): 39 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (03)
Pages: 419-445

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Handle: RePEc:bla:finmgt:v:39:y:2010:i:1:p:419-445

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Cited by:
  1. Tseng, Yun-lan & Hu, Shing-yang, 2013. "Tax reform and the identity of marginal traders around ex-dividend days," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 181-199.
  2. Chen, Hung-Ling & Chow, Edward H. & Shiu, Cheng-Yi, 2013. "Ex-dividend prices and investor trades: Evidence from Taiwan," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 39-65.

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