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Economic transition and elections in Poland

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  • John E. Jackson
  • Jacek Klich
  • Krystyna Poznanska
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    Abstract

    Poland's economic and political transition, one of the most successful, has depended very heavily on job creation in new firms to replace the jobs lost in the formerly state-owned enterprises. This paper uses survey and aggregate data from three Polish elections to suggest that these de novo firms, the individuals they employ, and the residents in the local areas where they exist become an important constituency supporting pro-reform political parties and constraining the actions of parties less sympathetic to the reforms. The creation of this political constituency helps explain how countries can successfully pursue both economic and political reforms. Copyright (c)The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2003..

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in its journal The Economics of Transition.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2003-03)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 41-66

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:etrans:v:11:y:2003-03:i:1:p:41-66

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    Cited by:
    1. Merlevede, Bruno & Schoors, Koen, 2005. "On the Speed of Economic Reform: Tale of the Tortoise and the Hare," BOFIT Discussion Papers 11/2005, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    2. Smeets, Valerie & Warzynski, Frederic, 2006. "Job creation, job destruction and voting behavior in Poland," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 503-519, June.
    3. Barlow, David & Radulescu, Roxana, 2005. "The sequencing of reform in transition economies," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 835-850, December.
    4. Kim, Byung-Yeon & Pirttila, Jukka, 2006. "Political constraints and economic reform: Empirical evidence from the post-communist transition in the 1990s," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 446-466, September.
    5. Sergiu Gherghina & George Jiglău, 2013. "Outside the Government: Why Ethnic Parties Fail to Join the Post-Communist Cabinets," Working Papers 335, Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies).
    6. Rovelli, Riccardo & Zaiceva, Anzelika, 2009. "Transition Fatigue? Cross-Country Evidence from Micro Data," IZA Discussion Papers 4224, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Frye, Timothy, 2006. "Ownership, voting, and job creation in Russia," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 452-471, June.
    8. Neher, Frank, 2011. "Markets wanted: Expectation overshooting in transition," Discussion Papers 2011/1, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    9. Begovic, Boris & Paunovic, Marko, 2011. "Political support for enterprise restructuring and voting in Serbia," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 171-180, March.

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