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The ratification of ILO conventions: A hazard rate analysis

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  • Bernhard Boockmann

Abstract

There are over 180 ILO conventions in many areas of labour law, industrial relations and social security, but they are not ratified universally: for the conventions adopted between 1975 and 1995, the cumulative probability of ratification is about 13 percent 10 years after their adoption. In this paper, the ratification decision is understood as a transition between two states. Using duration analysis, we identify circumstances which are favourable to this transition. For industrialized countries, the ratification of ILO conventions is shown to depend on internal political factors such as government preferences or the power of left-wing parties in parliament. For developing countries, economic costs of ratification have a significant impact. There is no evidence for external pressure in favour of ratification. Among industrialized member states, there is a clear downward trend in estimated ratification probabilities over the last two decades. Copyright 2001 Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Economics and Politics.

Volume (Year): 13 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 (November)
Pages: 281-309

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Handle: RePEc:bla:ecopol:v:13:y:2001:i:3:p:281-309

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Cited by:
  1. Bernhard Boockmann. & Dragana Djurdjevic. & Guillaume Horny. & François Laisney., 2009. "Bayesian estimation of Cox models with non-nested random effects: an application to the ratification of ILO conventions by developing countries," Working papers 249, Banque de France.
  2. Doris Weichselbaumer & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2003. "The effects of competition and equal treatment laws on the gender wage differential," Economics working papers 2003-07, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  3. Guillaume Horny, 2009. "Inference in mixed proportional hazard models with K random effects," Statistical Papers, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 481-499, June.
  4. Boockmann, Bernhard, 2004. "The Effect of ILO Minimum Age Conventions on Child Labour and School Attendance," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-52, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Boockmann, Bernhard, 2010. "The Effect of ILO Minimum Age Conventions on Child Labor and School Attendance: Evidence From Aggregate and Individual-Level Data," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 679-692, May.

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