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Comparing Tax and Transfer Systems: Poverty, Inequality and Target Efficiency

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  • Creedy, John

Abstract

This paper is concerned with comparisons between alternative tax and transfer systems. Using 'target efficiency' measures where the objective is the alleviation of poverty, means testing is preferred. However, the desire to reduce inequality usually leads to a preference for universal transfer systems such as the linear income tax. The present paper provides comparisons of social welfare (using an abbreviate welfare function) for schemes which imply the same degree of poverty (using several poverty measures). It was found that means-testing dominates if the headcount poverty measure is used, otherwise the linear tax dominates. Copyright 1996 by The London School of Economics and Political Science.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by London School of Economics and Political Science in its journal Economica.

Volume (Year): 63 (1996)
Issue (Month): 250 (Suppl.)
Pages: S163-74

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Handle: RePEc:bla:econom:v:63:y:1996:i:250:p:s163-74

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Cited by:
  1. Duclos, Jean-Yves & Tabi, Martin, 1998. "Inégalité et redistribution du revenu, avec une application au Canada," Cahiers de recherche 9821, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  2. Christophe Muller, . "Anti-Poverty Transfers and Spatial Prices in Tunisia," Discussion Papers 08/13, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.
  3. Muller, Christophe, 2007. "Anti-Poverty Transfers without Riots in Tunisia," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4334, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. Christophe Muller & Sami Bibi, 2006. "Focused Targeting against Poverty Evidence from Tunisia," IDEP Working Papers 0602, Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France, revised Apr 2006.
  5. Van der Linden, Bruno, 1999. "Active Citizen's Income, Unconditional Income and Participation under Imperfect Competition: A Normative Analysis," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 1999023, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  6. David S. Salkever & Stephen Johnston & Mustafa C. Karakus & Nicholas Ialongo & Eric Slade, 2006. "Using Target Efficiency to Select Program Participants and Risk-Factor Models: An Application to Child Mental Health Interventions for Preventing Future Crime," NBER Working Papers 12377, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Bibi, Sami, 2002. "On the Impact of Better Targeted Transfers on Poverty in Tunisia," Cahiers de recherche 0203, CIRPEE.
  8. Sami Bibi & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2004. "Equity and Policy Effectiveness with Imperfect Targeting," Working Papers 0423, Economic Research Forum, revised Oct 2004.
  9. Jean-Yves Duclos, 2000. "Gini Indices and the Redistribution of Income," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 141-162, March.
  10. David Brady & Rebekah Burroway, 2012. "Targeting, Universalism, and Single-Mother Poverty: A Multilevel Analysis Across 18 Affluent Democracies," Demography, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 719-746, May.
  11. Christophe MULLER and Sami BIBI, 2008. "Focused Transfer Targeting against Poverty Evidence from Tunisia," THEMA Working Papers 2008-37, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  12. Rosanna Scutella, 2004. "Moves to a Basic Income-Flat Tax System in Australia: Implications for the Distribution of Income and Supply of Labour," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2004n05, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  13. Tom Kornstad & Thor O. Thoresen, 1999. "Means-testing the Child Benefit," Discussion Papers 262, Research Department of Statistics Norway.

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