Poverty Reduction and Growth Interactions: What Can Be Learned from the Syrian Experience?
Abstract(english) The aim of this paper is to realize an in-depth analysis of the growth and poverty interactions in Syria, which undertook a series of economic reforms in the past decade to reduce the intervention of the Government in the economy. One of the main tools of the pro-poor growth literature used is the index developed by Bibi (2010), which takes into account at the same time the evolution of the welfare variable and its distribution. The results show that during the 1996-2004 period growth was not equitable at both national and regional levels. When the objective of halving poverty in 2015 is used as a benchmark, growth is pro-poor neither at the national level nor in the majority of the regions. Moreover, the main other characteristic of the Syrian growth and poverty performance is the widening of the gap between urban and rural areas. This could be mainly due to a pattern of growth where oil played an increasing role and agriculture a decreasing one. Agricultural and land policy reforms could have had a negative impact on poverty in some rural regions, such as the North-Eastern rural region, despite their positive effect on agricultural productivity. _________________________________ (franÃ§ais) Lâobjectif de cet article rÃ©aliser une analyse approfondie des interactions entre croissance et pauvretÃ© en Syrie, pays ayant mis en place une sÃ©rie de rÃ©formes Ã©conomiques dans la dÃ©cennie passÃ©e pour rÃ©duire l'intervention de l'Ãtat dans l'Ã©conomie. Un des principaux outils dâanalyse de la croissance pro-pauvres auxquels on fait appel est lâindicateur dÃ©veloppÃ© par Bibi (2010), qui prend en compte Ã la fois lâÃ©volution de lâagrÃ©gat de bien-Ãªtre et sa distribution. Nos rÃ©sultats montrent que la croissance en Syrie nâa pas Ã©tÃ© Ã©quitable au cours de la pÃ©riode 1996-2004. Lorsque lâon utilise comme rÃ©fÃ©rence le taux de croissance qui permettrait de rÃ©duire de moitiÃ© la pauvretÃ© en 2015, la croissance nâapparaÃ®t pro-pauvre ni au
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Overseas Development Institute in its journal Development Policy Review.
Volume (Year): 30 (2012)
Issue (Month): 6 (November)
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Other versions of this item:
- Anda Mariana David & Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2010. "Poverty reduction and growth interactions: what can be learned from the Syrian experience ?," Working Papers DT/2010/06, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
- D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
- I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
- O40 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Klasen, Stephan, 2008.
"Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction: Measurement Issues using Income and Non-Income Indicators,"
Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 420-445, March.
- Stephan Klasen, 2006. "Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction: Measurement Issues using Income and Non-Income Indicators," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 142, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
- Atkinson, Anthony B., 1970. "On the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 244-263, September.
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