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Providing Duty-Free Access to Australian Markets for Least-Developed Countries: A General Equilibrium Analysis

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  • Xiao-guang Zhang
  • George Verikios

Abstract

"The Doha ministerial declaration commits WTO members to liberalising access to their markets for least-developed countries (LDCs). Preferential trade policies have diverse impacts on the initiating country and its trading partners. These effects are of concern to scholars and policy makers. We use Australia as a case study to quantify the direct and indirect effects of providing preferential access to LDC imports entering Australian markets, using a general equilibrium model of the world economy. LDCs are projected to benefit and Australia is predicted to lose, reflecting adverse terms of trade effects. However, the magnitude of the adverse effect on Australia is small. If one was to view this initiative as an exercise in foreign aid, it suggests that Australia can provide a significant benefit to the poorest nations with which it trades, at almost no cost to itself." Copyright 2007 The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research in its journal Australian Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 40 (2007)
Issue (Month): 3 (09)
Pages: 239-252

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Handle: RePEc:bla:ausecr:v:40:y:2007:i:3:p:239-252

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  1. Brown, Drusilla, 1989. "A computational analysis of Japan's generalized system of preferences," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 103-128, January.
  2. McDougall, Robert, 2002. "A New Regional Household Demand System for GTAP," GTAP Technical Papers 942, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
  3. Robinson, Sherman & Thierfelder, Karen, 1999. "Trade liberalization and regional integration: the search for large numbers," TMD discussion papers 34, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  4. repec:fth:coluec:9596-04 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Arvind Panagariya, 2000. "Preferential Trade Liberalization: The Traditional Theory and New Developments," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(2), pages 287-331, June.
  6. W. Jill Harrison & K.R. Pearson, 1994. "Computing Solutions for Large General Equilibrium Models Using GEMPACK," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers ip-64, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
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