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Indirect Tax Reform in Australia: The Welfare Effects on Different Demographic Groups

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  • Creedy, John

Abstract

The welfare effects of several indirect tax reforms in Australia are examined for a number of types of household in a range of income groups. The welfare changes, measured using equivalent variations, are based on the use of the linear expenditure system, where parameters are different in each of the income groups. The effects of the current system and of several reforms are found to differ significantly among the household types. However, the results suggest that the extent of vertical redistribution involved in the current indirect tax structure, and possible reforms to it, are small. The role of exemptions are examined in the case of food, for which the budget shares are systematically higher in lower income households, and health services. In view of the strong assumptions used at each stage, the results must be regarded as tentative. Copyright 1999 by Blackwell Publishers Ltd/University of Adelaide and Flinders University of South Australia

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Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Australian Economic Papers.

Volume (Year): 38 (1999)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 367-92

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Handle: RePEc:bla:ausecp:v:38:y:1999:i:4:p:367-92

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