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The World in Balance Sheet Recession

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  • Richard Koo

    (Nomura Research Institute)

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    Abstract

    There is quite a bit of confusion in the policy circles, in the academic circles and also in the markets regarding the international economic situation unleashed by the 2007-2008 crisis. And, as there is so much confusion, the economic policy responses have been largely inconsistent, not only in the United States but also all around the world, and this might be prolonging the recession unnecessarily. However, what we are currently going through happened in Japan exactly 15 years ago. What is happening now is that, after the bursting of the bubble, the private sector is deleveraging or reducing its debt to a minimum. This is called a balance sheet recession. And, in this type of recession, cutting the interest rate to zero and increasing the monetary base do not translate into an improvement of credit to the private sector and into a recovery of economic activity. The monetary policy becomes ineffective. As shown by the Japanese experience, the response to prevent the collapse of economic activity lies in the fiscal policy, i.e. the government should increase spending by financing itself with the savings the private sector generates in order to deleverage. Only after the balance sheets have been repaired and the private sector is willing to, and may, get into debt, should the government start to cut its budget deficit.

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    File URL: http://www.bcra.gov.ar/pdfs/investigaciones/63_Koo.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department in its journal Ensayos Económicos.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 63 (July - September)
    Pages: 7-39

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    Handle: RePEc:bcr:ensayo:v:1:y:2011:i:63:p:7-39

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    Related research

    Keywords: balance sheet recession; deleveraging; fiscal policy; international financial crisis; monetary policy;

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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. ¿Está el mundo en una recesión de balances?
      by Adrián Ravier in Punto de Vista Economico on 2012-05-16 18:46:22
    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
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    Cited by:
    1. Zoltán Szalai, 2012. "A crisis of crisis management? Debates over fiscal adjustments in the European Monetary Union," MNB Bulletin, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (the central bank of Hungary), vol. 7(3), pages 57-66, October.

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