Economic Aspects of Public Fertility Policies
AbstractLow fertility exists in countries with widely differing institutional structures. The fertility promotion policies should be implemented by these available structures. As far as possible, policies to support fertility should be based upon a theory or theories of why fertility has fallen to low levels in particular settings. The largest pressure to respond with policy changes to low fertility currently exists in the conservative and Southern European welfare regimes. The specific policies that have been proposed in this context can be classified as follows: a) preventive policies, aimed at affecting the demographic behaviours, and b) ameliorative policies aimed at accommodating or ameliorating the consequences of low fertility, population decline and population ageing. Different studies provide mixed conclusions as to the effects of various policies on fertility behaviour. Policies targeted at an increased compatibility between childbearing and labour force participation, as well as policies aimed at reducing the economic costs of childrearing are most promising based on the theoretical framework and empirical evidence.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute in its journal Economic Thought.
Volume (Year): (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Peter McDonald, 2000. "Gender Equity in Theories of Fertility Transition," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 26(3), pages 427-439.
- Bruce Chapman & Yvonne Dunlop & Matthew Gray & Amy Liu & Deborah Mitchell, 1999. "The Foregone Earnings From Child Rearing Revisited," CEPR Discussion Papers 407, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
- Bettio, Francesca & Villa, Paola, 1998. "A Mediterranean Perspective on the Breakdown of the Relationship between Participation and Fertility," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 22(2), pages 137-71, March.
- Peter McDonald, 2002. "Sustaining Fertility through Public Policy: The Range of Options," Population (english edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 57(3), pages 417-446.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Vassil Zahariev).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.