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Romanian Migration Flows In European Countries: Does Social Security Matter?

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Author Info

  • Cosmin Enache

    (West University of Timisoara, Romania)

  • Ciprian Panzaru

    (West University of Timisoara, Romania)

Abstract

In last decades, the globalization process and the removal of barriers on internationalcirculation of persons inside the European Union fostered an increase in migration from Romaniatowards other European countries. Using a panel framework, our estimates showed that both pushand pull factors are entering in the decision function of a Romanian migrant when it comes tochoose the destination country. Economic conditions in the destination countries proxied by thelevel of income per capita and the employment rate are particularly associated with increasedmigration flows. Also, life expectancy seems to be a significant pull factor. Not least, we alsoquestioned the welfare state as a potential input in the migration decision function. Our findingsindicated that only family and childcare support public expenditures are positively associated withmigration flows.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Faculty of Sciences, "1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia in its journal Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica.

Volume (Year): 2 (2012)
Issue (Month): 14 ()
Pages: 17

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Handle: RePEc:alu:journl:v:2:y:2012:i:14:p:17

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Keywords: Migration; Social Security; Panel Data;

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  1. Levin, Andrew & Lin, Chien-Fu & James Chu, Chia-Shang, 2002. "Unit root tests in panel data: asymptotic and finite-sample properties," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 1-24, May.
  2. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-42, March.
  3. Im, Kyung So & Pesaran, M. Hashem & Shin, Yongcheol, 2003. "Testing for unit roots in heterogeneous panels," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 115(1), pages 53-74, July.
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